Hymn Writers Of The Church – Part I
Table of Contents
HYMN WRITERS OF THE CHURCH
7. Andrew of Crete
22. Bernard of Clairvaux
23. Bernard of Cluny
61. Clement of Alexandria
93. Dwight, John Sullivan
94. Dwight, Timothy
123. Gustavus Adolphus
157. Jacopone da Todi
158. John of Damascus
THE Hymns and Hymn Writers OF THE CHURCH
AN ANNOTATED EDITION of The Methodist Hymnal
BY WILBUR F. TILLETT, D.D., LL.D. DEAN OF THE THEOLOGICAL FACULTY OF VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY AUTHOR OF |OUR HYMNS AND THEIR AUTHORS|, |STUDIES IN CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE|, ETC. AND CHARLES S. NUTTER, D.D. AUTHOR OF |HYMN STUDIES,| |HISTORIC HYMNISTS,| ETC.
NASHVILLE: SMITH & LAMAR NEW YORK: EATON & MAINS CINCINNATI: JENNINGS & GRAHAM 1915
COPYRIGHT, 1911, BY EATON & MAINS, JENNINGS &. GRAHAM, SMITH & LAMAR
HYMN WRITERS OF THE CHURCH
Adams, Sarah Flower, AdamsS-p0.1
Addison, Joseph, AddisonJ-p0.1
Alexander, Cecil Frances, AlexandC-p0.1
Alexander, James Waddell, AlexandJ-p0.1
Alford, Henry, AlfordH-p0.1
Amis, Lewis Randolph, AmisLR-p0.1
Andrew of Crete, AndrewC-p0.1
Anstice, Joseph, AnsticeJ-p0.1
Auber, Harriet, AuberH-p0.1
Babcock, Maltbie Davenport, BabcockM-p0.1
Baker, Sir Henry Williams, BakerHW-p0.1
Bakewell, John, Bakewell-p0.1
Barbauld, Anna Letitia, Barbauld-p0.1
Barber, Mary Ann Serrett, BarberM-p0.1
Baring-Gould, Sabine, BaringGd-p0.1
Barton, Bernard, BartonB-p0.1
Bateman, Henry, BatemanH-p0.1
Bathurst, William Hiley, Bathurst-p0.1
Baxter, Lydia, BaxterL-p0.1
Baxter, Richard, BaxterR-p0.1
Beddome, Benjamin, BeddomeB-p0.1
Bernard of Clairvaux, BernClai-p0.1
Bernard of Cluny, BernClun-p0.1
Berridge, John, Berridge-p0.1
Bethune, George Washington, BethuneG-p0.1
Bickersteth, Edward Henry, Bickerst-p0.1
Blacklock, Thomas, Blacklok-p0.1
Bode, John Ernest, BodeJE-p0.1
Boehm, Anthony Wilhelm, BoehmAW-p0.1
Bonar, Horatius, BonarH-p0.1
Bonar, Jane Catherine, BonarJC-p0.1
Borthwick, Jane, Borthwik-p0.1
Bourignon, Antoinette, BourignA-p0.1
Bourne, William St. Hill, BourneW-p0.1
Bowring, Sir John, BowringJ-p0.1
Brace, Seth Collins, BraceSC-p0.1
Brady, Nicholas, BradyN-p0.1
Brewer, Leigh Richmond, BrewerL-p0.1
Bridges, Matthew, BridgesM-p0.1
Bromehead, Joseph, Bromehed-p0.1
Brooks, Charles Timothy, BrooksC-p0.1
Brooks, Phillips, BrooksP-p0.1
Brown, Phoebe Hinsdale, BrownPH-p0.1
Browne, Simon, BrowneS-p0.1
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, Browning-p0.1
Bryant, William Cullen, BryantW-p0.1
Bulfinch, Stephen Greenleaf, Bulfinch-p0.1
Burleigh, William Henry, Burleigh-p0.1
Burns, James Drummond, BurnsJD-p0.1
Burton, Henry, BurtonH-p0.1
Campbell, Jane Montgomery, CampbeJM-p0.1
Campbell, Margaret Cockburn, CampbeMC-p0.1
Carney, Julia A., CarneyJ-p0.1
Cary, Phoebe, CaryP-p0.1
Caswall, Edward, CaswallE-p0.1
Cawood, John, CawoodJ-p0.1
Cennick, John, CennickJ-p0.1
Charles, Elizabeth Rundle, CharlesE-p0.1
Chorley, Henry Fothergill, ChorleyH-p0.1
Claudius, Matthias, Claudius-p0.1
Clement of Alexandria, ClementA-p0.1
Codner, Elizabeth, CodnerE-p0.1
Coghill, Annie Louisa, CoghillA-p0.1
Collyer, William Bengo, CollyerW-p0.1
Colquhoun, Frances Sara, Colquhun-p0.1
Conder, Josiah, ConderJ-p0.1
Copeland, Benjamin, Copeland-p0.1
Cotterill, Jane, CotteriJ-p0.1
Cotterill, Thomas, CotteriT-p0.1
Cowper, Frances Maria, CowperF-p0.1
Cowper, William, CowperW-p0.1
Cox, Christopher Christian, CoxChCh-p0.1
Cox, Samuel Keener, CoxSamK-p0.1
Coxe, Arthur Cleveland, CoxeAC-p0.1
Crewdson, Jane, Crewdson-p0.1
Croly, George, CrolyG-p0.1
Crosby, Fanny Jane, CrosbyF-p0.1
Cross, Ada Cambridge, CrossAC-p0.1
Cummins, James John, CumminsJ-p0.1
Cutter, William, CutterW-p0.1
Davies, Samuel, DaviesS-p0.1
Decius, Nicolaus, DeciusN-p0.1
Deems, Charles Force, DeemsCF-p0.1
Denny, Sir Edward, DennyE-p0.1
Dessler, Wolfgang Christopher, DesslerW-p0.1
Dexter, Henry Martyn, DexterHM-p0.1
Dix, William Chatterton, DixWC-p0.1
Doane, George Washington, DoaneGW-p0.1
Doane, William Crosswell, DoaneWC-p0.1
Doddridge, Philip, Doddridg-p0.1
Dryden, John, DrydenJ-p0.1
Duffield, George, Duffield-p0.1
Dwight, John Sullivan, DwightJS-p0.1
Dwight, Timothy, DwightT-p0.1
Edmeston, James, Edmeston-p0.1
Ela, David Hough, ElaDH-p0.1
Ellerton, John, Ellerton-p0.1
Elliott, Charlotte, ElliottC-p0.1
Elliott, Emily Elizabeth Steele, ElliottE-p0.1
Esling, Catherine Harbison, EslingC-p0.1
Evans, William Edwin, EvansWE-p0.1
Everest, Charles William, EverestC-p0.1
Faber, Frederick William, FaberFW-p0.1
Fabricius, Jacob, Fabricis-p0.1
Farrar, Frederick William, FarrarFW-p0.1
Fawcett, John, FawcettJ-p0.1
Findlater, Sarah Borthwick, Findlatr-p0.1
Fortunatus, Venantius, Fortunats-p0.1
Francis, Benjamin, FrancisB-p0.1
Freckelton, Thomas Wesley, Freckelt-p0.1
Gerhardt, Paul, Gerhardt-p0.1
Gibbons, Thomas, GibbonsT-p0.1
Gilder, Richard Watson, GilderRW-p0.1
Gill, Thomas Hornblower, GillTH-p0.1
Gilman, Samuel, GilmanS-p0.1
Gilmore, Joseph Henry, GilmoreJ-p0.1
Gladden, Washington, GladdenW-p0.1
Goode, William, GoodeW-p0.1
Grant, Robert, GrantR-p0.1
Greg, Samuel, GregS-p0.1
Grigg, Joseph, GriggJ-p0.1
Gurney, Dorothy Frances, GurneyD-p0.1
Gustavus Adolphus, Gustavus-p0.1
Guyon, Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte, GuyonJM-p0.1
Hall, Christopher Newman, HallCN-p0.1
Hammond, William, HammondW-p0.1
Hankey, Katherine, HankeyK-p0.1
Hart, Joseph, HartJos-p0.1
Hastings, Thomas, HastingT-p0.1
Hatch, Edwin, HatchEd-p0.1
Hatfield, Edwin Francis, Hatfield-p0.1
Havergal, Frances Ridley, HaverglF-p0.1
Haweis, Hugh Reginald, HaweisH-p0.1
Hawker, Robert, HawkerR-p0.1
Hawks, Annie Sherwood, HawksAS-p0.1
Hay, John, HayJohn-p0.1
Hearn, Marianne, HearnM-p0.1
Heath, George, HeathG-p0.1
Heber, Reginald, HeberR-p0.1
Hedge, Frederick Henry, HedgeFH-p0.1
Herbert, George, HerbertG-p0.1
Herbert, Petrus, HerbertP-p0.1
Holden, Oliver, HoldenO-p0.1
Holland, Josiah Gilbert, HollandJ-p0.1
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, HolmesO-p0.1
Hopper, Edward, HopperE-p0.1
Hopps, John Page, HoppsJP-p0.1
Hosmer, Frederick Lucian, HosmerF-p0.1
Hoss, Elijah Embree, HossEE-p0.1
How, William Walsham, HowWW-p0.1
Hunter, William, HunterW-p0.1
Hutton, Frances A., HuttonFA-p0.1
Ingemann, Bernhardt Severin, Ingemann-p0.1
Irons, William Josiah, IronsWJ-p0.1
Jacobi, John Christian, JacobiJC-p0.1
Jacopone da Todi, Jacopone-p0.1
John of Damascus, JohnDam-p0.1
Johnson, E., JohnsonE-p0.1
Johnson, Samuel, JohnsonS-p0.1
Jones, Edmund, JonesEd-p0.1
Julian, John, JulianJ-p0.1
Keble, John, KebleJ-p0.1
Keen, R., KeenR-p0.1
Kelly, Thomas, KellyT-p0.1
Ken, Thomas, KenTh-p0.1
Kethe, William, KetheW-p0.1
Kimball, Harriet McEwen, KimballH-p0.1
Kipling, Rudyard, KiplingR-p0.1
Lanier, Sidney, LanierS-p0.1
Lathbury, Mary Artemisia, LathburyM-p0.1
Leeson, Jane Elizabeth, LeesonJE-p0.1
Lloyd, William Freeman, LloydWF-p0.1
Longfellow, Samuel, LongfelS-p0.1
Luke, Jemima Thompson, LukeJT-p0.1
Luther, Martin, LutherM-p0.1
Lynch, Thomas Toke, LynchTT-p0.1
Lyte, Henry Francis, LyteHF-p0.1
Macduff, John Ross, MacduffJ-p0.1
Mackay, Margaret, MackayM-p0.1
Macleod, Norman, MacleodN-p0.1
Madan, Martin, MadanM-p0.1
Malan, Henri Abraham Caesar, MalanHA-p0.1
March, Daniel, MarchD-p0.1
Marcy, Elizabeth Eunice, MarcyEE-p0.1
Marriott, John, MarriotJ-p0.1
Marsden, Joshua, MarsdenJ-p0.1
Mason, John, MasonJ-p0.1
Massie, Richard, MassieR-p0.1
Matheson, George, Matheson-p0.1
McDonald, William, McDonalW-p0.1
Medley, Samuel, MedleyS-p0.1
Messenger, John Alexander, Messengr-p0.1
Midlane, Albert, MidlaneA-p0.1
Miller, Emily Huntington, MillerE-p0.1
Mills, Henry, MillsH-p0.1
Milman, Henry Hart, MilmanHH-p0.1
Milton, John, MiltonJ-p0.1
Mohr, Joseph, MohrJ-p0.1
Monod, Theodore, MonodT-p0.1
Monsen, John Samuel Bewley, MonsenJS-p0.1
Montgomery, James, Montgomr-p0.1
Moore, Thomas, MooreT-p0.1
Mote, Edward, MoteEd-p0.1
Moultrie, Gerard, MoultriG-p0.1
Muhlenberg, William Augustus, Muhlenbg-p0.1
Neale, John Mason, NealeJM-p0.1
Needham, John, NeedhamJ-p0.1
Neumark, Georg, NeumarkG-p0.1
Newman, John Henry, NewmanJH-p0.1
Newton, John, NewtonJ-p0.1
Noel, Gerard Thomas, NoelGT-p0.1
North, Frank Mason, NorthFM-p0.1
Olivers, Thomas, OliversT-p0.1
Palmer, Ray, PalmerR-p0.1
Park, Roswell, ParkR-p0.1
Perronet, Edward, Perronet-p0.1
Phelps, Sylvanus Dryden, PhelpsS-p0.1
Pierpoint, Folliott Sanford, Pierpoin-p0.1
Pierpont, John, Pierpont-p0.1
Plumptree, Edward Hayes, Plumptre-p0.1
Pott, Francis, PottF-p0.1
Potter, Thomas Joseph, PotterTJ-p0.1
Prentiss, Elizabeth Payson, Prentiss-p0.1
Procter, Adelaide Anne, ProcterA-p0.1
Prynne, George Rundle, PrynneGR-p0.1
Rabanus Maurus, RabanusM-p0.1
Rankin, Jeremiah Eames, RankinJE-p0.1
Rawson, George, RawsonG-p0.1
Reed, Andrew, ReedAnd-p0.1
Rice, Caroline Laura, RiceCL-p0.1
Richter, Christian Frederic, RichterC-p0.1
Rinkart, Martin, RinkartM-p0.1
Robert IX., RobertIX-p0.1
Roberts, Daniel C., RobertsD-p0.1
Robinson, George, RobinsnG-p0.1
Robinson, Richard Hayes, RobnsnRH-p0.1
Robinson, Robert, RobinsnR-p0.1
Rodigast, Samuel, Rodigast-p0.1
Roscoe, William, RoscoeW-p0.1
Rothe, Johann Andreas, RotheJA-p0.1
Scheffler, Johann Angelus, Schefflr-p0.1
Schmolke, Benjamin, Schmolke-p0.1
Scott, Sir Walter, ScottW-p0.1
Scott, Thomas, ScottT-p0.1
Scriven, Joseph, ScrivenJ-p0.1
Seagrave, Robert, SeagravR-p0.1
Sears, Edward Hamilton, SearsEH-p0.1
Seymour, Aaron Crossley Hobart, SeymourA-p0.1
Shepherd, Thomas, ShephrdT-p0.1
Shurtleff, Ernest Warburton, Shurtlef-p0.1
Singleton, Robert Corbet, SingltnR-p0.1
Slade, Mary B. C., SladeNB-p0.1
Smith, Samuel Francis, SmithSF-p0.1
Spangenberg, Augustus Gottlieb, Spangnbg-p0.1
Spitta, Carl Johann Philipp, SpittaCJ-p0.1
Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn, StanleyA-p0.1
Steele, Anne, SteeleA-p0.1
Stennett, Joseph, StennetJ-p0.1
Stennett, Samuel, StennetS-p0.1
Stockton, John Hart, StocktnJ-p0.1
Stone, Samuel John, StoneSJ-p0.1
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, StoweHB-p0.1
Stowell, Hugh, StowellH-p0.1
Stratton, Lovie Ricker, StrattnL-p0.1
Strong, Nathan, StrongN-p0.1
Stryker, Melancthon Woolsey, StrykerM-p0.1
Swain, Joseph, SwainJ-p0.1
Tappan, William Brigham, TappanWB-p0.1
Tate, Nahum, TateNah-p0.1
Taylor, Thomas Rawson, TaylorTR-p0.1
Tennyson, Alfred, TennysnA-p0.1
Tersteegen, Gerhard, Terstegn-p0.1
Thomas of Celano, ThomasC-p0.1
Thomson, Mary Ann, ThomsonM-p0.1
Thring, Godfrey, ThringG-p0.1
Toplady, Augustus Montague, TopladyA-p0.1
Tuttiett, Lawrence, TuttietL-p0.1
Twells, Henry, TwellsH-p0.1
Van Alstyne, Mrs. Fanny Crosby, VanAlstn-p0.1
Vokes, Mrs., Vokes-p0.1
Walford, William W., WalfordW-p0.1
Ware, Henry, WareHen-p0.1
Waring, Anna Laetitia, WaringAL-p0.1
Warner, Anna Bartlett, WarnerAB-p0.1
Warren, Willis Fairfield, WarrenWF-p0.1
Waterbury, Jared Bell, Watrbury-p0.1
Watts, Isaac, WattsI-p0.1
Wells, Marcus Morris, WellsMM-p0.1
Wesley, Charles, WesleyC-p0.1
Wesley, John, WesleyJ-p0.1
Wesley, Samuel, WesleyS-p0.1
West, Robert Athow, WestRA-p0.1
White, Henry Kirke, WhiteHK-p0.1
Whittier, John Greenleaf, Whittier-p0.1
Williams, Helen Maria, WilliamH-p0.1
Williams, William, WilliamW-p0.1
Willis, Nathaniel Parker, WillisNP-p0.1
Winchester, Caleb Thomas, WinchstC-p0.1
Winckler, John Joseph, WincklrJ-p0.1
Winkworth, Catherine, Winkwrth-p0.1
Wolcott, Samuel, WolcottS-p0.1
Woodhull, Alfred Alexander, WoodhulA-p0.1
Wordsworth, Christopher, WordswthC-p0.1
Wreford, John Reynell, WrefordJ-p0.1
Xavier, Francis, XavierF-p0.1
Zinzendorf, Count Nicolaus Ludwig, Zinzendf-p0.1
Adams, Sarah Flower, was born at Harlow, England, February 22, 1805; and died in London August 21, 1848. Sarah Flower was the younger daughter of Benjamin Flower, editor and proprietor of the Cambridge Intelligencer. In 1834 she married John Brydges Adams, a civil engineer and inventor. She is represented by her friends as being beautiful, intelligent, and high-minded. Mrs. Adams had a gift for lyric poetry, and wrote thirteen hymns for her pastor, the Rev. William Johnson Fox, an Independent minister. These were all published in Hymns and Anthems, London, 1841. Several of these hymns have come into common use, but her masterpiece is the one found in this book:
Nearer, my God, to thee 315
Addison, Joseph, whose fame is coextensive with English literature, was the son of Rev. Lancelot Addison, Dean of Lichfield, England, and was born May 1, 1672. He was educated at Oxford, and early developed poetic talent. His literary contributions were made chiefly to the Tattler, the Guardian and the Spectator. He is the author of five hymns, all of which appeared in the Spectator in 1712. It has been claimed that Andrew Marvell is the author of two of these hymns (|The spacious firmament on high| and |When all thy mercies, O my God|), but this claim is not justified by the historical facts, which are too lengthy to present here. Addison died June 17, 1719, being a devout and consistent member of the Church of England. His last effort at writing was on an article upon the Christian Religion. At the time of his death he was contemplating a poetic version of the Psalms. |The piety of Addison,| says Macaulay, |was in truth of a singularly cheerful kind. The feeling which predominates in all his devotional writings is gratitude; and on that goodness to which he ascribed all the happiness of his life he relied in the hour of death with a love which casteth out fear.| The three hymns by Addison are among the finest in this collection:
How are thy servants blest, O Lord 102
The spacious firmament on high 84
When all thy mercies, O my God 105
Alexander, Cecil Frances, daughter of Maj. John Humphreys, was born in Ireland in 1823. In 1850 she married the Rt. Rev. William Alexander, Bishop of Derry. She wrote |The Burial of Moses,| and was the author of several books of poetry. Among them were: Verses for Holy Seasons, 1846; Hymns for Little Children, 1848; Hymns Descriptive and Devotional, 1858; and The Legend of the Golden Prayers, 1859. She was the author of many hymns, several of which have been widely used, as, for example, |There is a green hill far away.| She died at Londonderry October 12, 1895.
Jesus calls us o’er the tumult 545
Alexander, James Waddell, an eminent clergyman of the Presbyterian Church and the son of a no less distinguished divine (Rev. Archibald Alexander, D.D.), was born at Hopewell, Va., March 13, 1804. After graduating at Princeton College, he entered the ministry and was a pastor in Charlotte County; Va., and later in Trenton, N. J. He then became a professor in Princeton College, and in 1844 a pastor in New York City. In 1849 he returned to Princeton, becoming a professor in the Theological Seminary, which position he resigned at the end of three years, his heart yearning to get back into the regular work of the ministry. He now became pastor of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, in New York City. He died July 31, 1859. Dr. Alexander’s only hymn in this collection is a translation:
O sacred Head, now wounded 151
Alford, Henry, widely known as the author of The Greek Testament with Notes and other volumes, was born in London October 7, 1810; was pious from his youth, and in his sixteenth year wrote the following dedication in his Bible: |I do this day, in the presence of God and my own soul, renew my covenant with God, and solemnly determine henceforth to become his and to do his work as far as in me lies.| He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, ordained in 1833, and soon made a reputation as an eloquent preacher and sound biblical critic. He was appointed Dean of Canterbury in 1857, which distinction he held to the day of his death, in 1871. Dean Alford’s Poetical Works (two volumes) were published in London in 1845. An American edition was published in Boston in 1853. He was the editor of The Year of Praise, a hymn and tune book intended primarily for use in Canterbury Cathedral, 1867. Four of his hymns appear in this collection:
Come, ye thankful people, come 717
Forward be our watchword 284
My bark is wafted to the strand 451
Ten thousand times ten thousand 618
Amis, Lewis Randolph, a Southern Methodist minister, was born in Maury County, Tenn., December 7, 1856; graduated at Vanderbilt University in 1878, and that same year joined the Tennessee Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, as an itinerant preacher. He filled many important appointments, being pastor at Pulaski, Tenn., when he died, in 1904. A useful and greatly beloved minister.
Jehovah, God, who dwelt of old 665
7. Andrew of Crete
Andrew of Crete, so called because he was bishop of the island of Crete, was born in Damascus in 660. He died about 732. He was deputed by Theodore, Patriarch of Jerusalem, to attend the sixth General Council at Constantinople (680). He was also a member of the Pseudo-Synod of Constantinople, held in 712, which revived the Monothelite heresy. Afterwards he returned to the faith of the Church. Seventeen of his homilies remain to us. His most ambitious poem is called |The Great Canon.| it contains more than three hundred stanzas, yet it is sung right through on Thursday of mid-lent week in the Greek Church.
Christian, dost thou see them 616
Anstice, Joseph, was born in Shropshire, England, in 1808. Soon after leaving Oxford University, where he took a high stand as a student, he became Professor of Classical Literature in King’s College, London. He was a member of the Church of England. He died February 29, 1836, being twenty-eight years old. It was during the last evenings of his life, when he was a great sufferer, that he dictated to his wife the hymns (fifty-two in number) which were collected and published the year he died for private distribution. From this collection the following hymn was taken:
Lord, how happy should we be 519
Auber, Harriet, was born October 4, 1773; and died January 20, 1862. She led a quiet and contented life, writing much, but publishing only one volume. The full title of this book was: The Spirit of the Psalms; A Compressed Version of Select Portions of the Psalms of David. It was published anonymously in 1829. It is not entirely original; some pieces were selected from well-known writers. This book is sometimes confounded with The Spirit of the Psalms, by the Rev. H. F. Lyte, but it is entirely different. The author became known through the Rev. Henry Auber Harvey. In a note to Daniel Sedgwick, dated November 25, 1862, he wrote: |The Spirit of the Psalms was partly a compilation and partly the composition of the late Miss Harriet Auber, an aunt of my mother’s; and the preface to the book was drawn up by the editor, my late father, Mr. Harvey, a canon of Bristol.| Julian, in the Dictionary of Hymnology, gives the first lines of twenty-five of Miss Auber’s hymns which he says are in common use. This Hymnal contains only three:
Hasten, Lord, the glorious time 637
Our blest Redeemer, ere he breathed 189
With joy we hail the sacred day 65
Babcock, Maltbie Davenport, an American Presbyterian clergyman, was born in Syracuse, N. Y., August 3, 1858; and died at Naples, Italy, May 18, 1901. He was graduated at Syracuse University in 1879, and Auburn Theological Seminary in 1883. He filled most successful and popular pastorates at Lockport, N. Y., Baltimore, Md., and at the Brick Presbyterian Church, in New York. While on a visit to the Levant in 1901 he was seized with the Mediterranean fever, and died under pathetic circumstances in the International Hospital, at Naples. He was a man of extraordinary personality and influence both in the social circle and in the pulpit. A volume of his prose and verse, edited by his wife, appeared soon after his death, entitled Thoughts for Every-Day Living, 1901. Dr. Babcock’s writings show strength, delicacy of thought, and great originality.
Be strong; we are not here to play 407
Baker, Sir Henry Williams, an eminent English clergyman, son of Sir Henry L. Baker, born in London May 27, 1821; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1844. He took holy orders in 1844, and became vicar of Monkland, Herefordshire, in 1851, which benefice he held until his death. He succeeded to the baronetcy in 1851. He is best known as editor in chief of Hymns Ancient and Modern, to which he contributed several of his hymns. Dr. Julian says: |Of his hymns four only are in the highest strain of jubilation, another four are bright and cheerful, and the remainder are very tender but exceedingly plaintive, sometimes even to sadness.| The language of his hymns is smooth and simple, the thought is correct and sometimes very beautifully expressed. He died February 12, 1877. His last audible words were a quotation of the third stanza of his own exquisite rendering of the twenty-third Psalm, No.136 in this book:
Perverse and foolish, oft I strayed
But yet in love He sought me,
And on His shoulder gently laid,
And home rejoicing brought me.
O God of love, O King of Peace 705
O perfect life of love 155
The King of love my Shepherd is 136
Bakewell, John, a Wesleyan lay preacher, was born at Brailsford, in Derbyshire, in 1721. He was a man of piety, earnestness, and consecration. He was made a lay preacher in 1749, and proved to be one of Mr. Wesley’s most efficient workers. He was for several years Master of the Greenwich Royal Park Academy. It was in his house that Thomas Olivers wrote his justly famous and much-admired hymn, |The God of Abraham praise.| He was an eminently useful man, and lived to a ripe old age, being ninety-eight years old when he died, in 1819. He was buried in City Road Chapel not far from the tomb of John Wesley. The epitaph upon his tombstone states that |he adorned the doctrines of God our Saviour eighty years, and preached his glorious gospel about seventy years.| He composed many hymns |which remain in the manuscript beautifully written,| but only one finds a place in modern Church hymnals:
Hail, thou once despised Jesus 171
Barbauld, Anna Letitia, was a daughter of the Rev. John Aikin, D.D., an English Dissenting minister. She was born June 20, 1743, and early in life gave evidence of poetic talent. She had a great desire for a classical education, to which her father strongly objected. At length she prevailed in some measure, and was permitted to read Latin and Greek. She published her first volume of poems in 1773. In 1774 she married the Rev. Rochemont Barbauld, a young man of French descent, who attended a school at Warrington, where her father was a classical Instructor. Mr. Barbauld had charge of a Dissenting congregation at Palgrave. They also opened a boarding school, which they carried on successfully for eleven years. Mr. Barbauld afterwards held other pastoral relations, and died in 1808. Mrs. Barbauld occupied her time and mind in literary pursuits, editing various works and contributing to the press. She died March 9, 1825.
Come, said Jesus’ sacred voice 257
How blest the righteous when he dies 582
Barber, Mary Ann Serrett, was an Englishwoman, the daughter of Thomas Barber. She wrote many poems for the Church of England Magazine, and was the author of several books. One of these, Bread Winning; or, The Ledger and the Lute, an Autobiography, by M. A. S. Barber, was published in 1865. Miss Barber died in Brighton, England, March 9, 1864, at the age of sixty-three years.
Prince of Peace, control my will 337
Baring-Gould, Sabine, an English clergyman, was born in Exeter, England, January 28, 1834. He was educated at Clare College, Cambridge, receiving the degrees of B.A., 1854, and M.A., 1856. He took orders in 1864. His prose works are numerous and well known: Lives of the Saints, in fifteen volumes, 1872-77; Curious Myths of the Middle Ages, in two series, 1866-68; The Origin and Development of Religious Belief, two volumes, 1869-70. He is the author of a number of fine hymns, the best-known of which is |Onward, Christian soldiers.| He published a volume of original Church Songs in 1884. From 1854 to 1906 he had published eighty-five volumes. His present address is Lew-Trenchard House, North Devon.
Now the day is over 59
Onward, Christian soldiers 383
Through the night of doubt 567
Barton, Bernard, widely known as the |Quaker Poet,| was born in London January 31, 1784, and was educated at a Quaker school at Ipswich. In 1810 he was employed at a local bank at Woodbridge, Suffolk, where he remained forty years. He was the author of eight or ten small volumes of verse between 1812 and 1845. From these books some twenty pieces have come into common use as hymns. He died at Woodbridge in 1849. His daughter published his Poems and Letters, 1849, after his death. His writings show a familiarity with the Scriptures and a love for good men. |Light| is the keynote to each of his three hymns found in this volume:
Lamp of our feet, whereby we trace 205
Walk in the light, so shalt thou 361
We journey through a vale of tears 447
Bateman, Henry, an English layman and successful business man, was born March 6, 1802; and died in 1872. He was much interested in literary and religious work. He was the author of several volumes of verse, the most successful of which was Sunday Sunshine: New Hymns and Poems for the Young, 1858. From this book some forty hymns have come into common use.
Light of the world! whose kind 505
Bathurst, William Hiley, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Cleve Dale, ar Bristol, England, August 28, 1796. He was the son of Charles Bragge, who was member of Parliament for Bristol, and who, upon inheriting his uncle’s estate, assumed his name, Bathurst. He graduated at Christ Church College, Oxford, and was ordained a priest of the Church of England in 1819. The following year he became rector of Barwick-in-Elmet, Yorkshire, where he mained thirty-two years. His biographer, speaking of these years of ministerial service, says: |Faithfully devoting himself to the spiritual welfare of his parishioners, he greatly endeared himself to them all by his eminent piety, his great simplicity of character, his tender love, and his abundant generosity.| In 1852 he resigned his living and retired to private life because of conscientious scruples in relation to parts of the baptismal and burial services of the Church. In 1863, upon the death of his older brother, he succeeded to the family estate of Sidney Park, Gloucestershire, where he died November 25, 1877. His published works are: Psalms and Hymns for Public and Private Use, 1831 (which volume contains 132 psalms and 206 hymns from his pen); The Georgics of Virgil, 1849; Metrical Musings; or, Thoughts on Sacred Subjects in Verse, 1849.
O for a faith that will not shrink 424
O for that flame of living fire 187
Baxter, Lydia, the writer of |There is a gate that stands ajar| and other popular hymns, was born in Petersburg, N. Y., September 2, 1809. She was converted early in life, and united with the Baptist Church. Later in life she resided in New York City. She was an invalid for many years, but a patient and cheerful sufferer. She died June 22, 1874. A volume of her poems, titled Gems by the Wayside, was published in 1855.
Take the name of Jesus with you 508
Baxter, Richard, an eminent Puritan divine and voluminous author of the seventeenth century, is best known to Christians of the present day by his Call to the Unconverted and his Saint’s Everlasting Rest. When about twenty-five years of age he entered the ministry, and was appointed to the parish of Kidderminster (1640). Here he remained until |for conscience’ sake| he, along with many other Nonconformist divines, was driven out from his weeping flock by the |Act of Uniformity| passed in 1662. He now ceased to preach; but being caught holding family prayers |with more than four persons,| he was, under the conditions of the |Conventicle Act| (1564), arrested and imprisoned for six months. He lived in retirement until 1672, when the |Act of Indulgence| gave him liberty to preach and to publish. But in 1685 the infamous Jeffries had him arrested and shamefully convicted of sedition, the foundation for the charge being found in his Paraphrase of the New Testament, for which he was imprisoned two years. He endured this unjust and cruel imprisonment with Christian patience and resignation, which finds illustration in the hymn below. His pastorate of twenty-two years at Kidderminster was faithful and untiring in the ministry of the Word, and was followed by rich spiritual fruits in the improved lives and characters of his six hundred parishioners. He exemplified his own couplet:
I preached as though I ne’er should preach again,
And as a dying man to dying men.
In few hymns are the faith and fidelity of the author more truly expressed than in this hymn by Baxter.
Lord, it belongs not to my care 470
Beddome, Benjamin, an English Baptist minister, was born in Warwickshire January 23, 1717. He was apprenticed to an apothecary in Bristol; but when he was twenty years of age he was converted, and soon after began to prepare for the ministry. In 1743 he was ordained and became the pastor of a small Baptist Church at Bourton. Later he received an urgent call to a Church in London; but he refused the call and remained at Bourton fifty-two years — until his death, September 3, 1795. It was a frequent custom with him to write a hymn to be sung after his morning sermon. A number of these hymns were published in Rippon’s Selection, 1787, and so came into common use. A volume of his hymns, over eight hundred in number, was Published in 1818. James Montgomery, in the preface to his Christian Psalmist, quotes the first stanza of one of Beddome’s hymns as follows,
Let party names no more
The Christian world o’erspread;
Gentile and Jew, and bond and free
Are one in Christ their head.
and makes this just remark: |His name would deserve to be held in everlasting remembrance if he had left no other memorial of the excellent spirit which was in him than these few humble verses.| Beddome’s hymns have been more highly appreciated in America than in his native country. The honorary degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon him in 1770 by Rhode Island College, now Brown University.
Come, Holy Spirit, come 182
Did Christ o’er sinners weep 276
How great the wisdom, power, and 8
22. Bernard of Clairvaux
Bernard of Clairvaux, an eminent monk, theologian, scholar, preacher, and poet, was born at Fontaine, near Dijon, in Burgundy, France, in 1091. Aletta, his mother, was a devotedly pious woman, and consecrated her son to God from his birth. |Her death chamber was his spiritual birthplace.| He was educated at Paris. Being naturally fond of seclusion, meditation, and study, and living in the twelfth century, it is not surprising that one so piously inclined as he soon sought a home in the cloister. At twenty-two years of age he entered the small monastery of Citeaux, and later he founded and made famous that of Clairvaux, where by fasting and self-mortification he became an emaciated monk, but with it all one of the most conspicuous and influential characters in Europe. Kings and popes sought his advice. His enthusiasm and impassioned eloquence were all but irresistible. He died August 20, 1153. His life was pure, his faith strong, his love ardent, his courage inflinching, his piety unquestioned. Luther greatly admired him and thought him |the greatest monk that ever lived.| His published works are in five folio volumes. His Sacred Songs of Praise have long been the admiration of the Church. Christ crucified was the theme of his preaching and of his song, as the four hymns here given will testify. His love for Christ amounted to a deep and ardent passion that was unconscious of using terms of endearment not altogether becoming to so divine a theme.
Jesus, the very thought of thee 533
Jesus, thou Joy of loving hearts 536
O sacred Head, now wounded 151
Of Him who did salvation bring 289
23. Bernard of Cluny
Bernard of Cluny was a monk of the twelfth century; the exact dates of his birth and death are not known. His parents were English, but he was born at Morlaix, France. He was an inmate of the Abbey of Cluny, and dedicated his famous poem to Peter the Venerable, Abbot of Cluny from 1122 to 1156. His long poem, about three thousand lines, was a satire against the vices and follies of his time. Dr. Neale, who gives a translation of four hundred lines in the third edition of his Mediaeval Hymns, 1868, says of this poem: |The greater part is a bitter satire on the fearful corruptions of the age. But, as a contrast to the misery and pollution of earth, the poem opens with a description of the peace and glory of heaven of such rare beauty as not easily to be matched by any mediaeval composition on the same subject.| It is this part of the poem that Dr. Neale translated and from which our hymns are taken.
For thee, O dear, dear country 614
Jerusalem the golden 612
Berridge, John, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born in Nottinghamshire March 1, 1716. He became Vicar of Everton in 1755, and remained there until his death, January 22, 1793. His preaching was at first sadly lacking in spirituality; but being happily converted, he became one of the most earnest of the evangelical clergymen who sympathized with and aided the Methodist revival. Frequent allusions to him are found in the writings of John Wesley, who esteemed him highly and found in him a helpful coworker. He was never married. In 1785 he published a volume of hymns titled Zion’s Songs. His |wedding hymn,| a prayer in song for the divine blessing on the bridal couple, is the only one of his three hundred and forty-two hymns that finds a place in this collection:
Since Jesus freely did appear 667
Bethune, George Washington, an eminent divine of the Reformed Dutch Church, was born in New York March 18, 1805. He was graduated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in 1823, and studied theology at Princeton, N. J. In 1827 he became pastor of a Reformed Dutch Church at Rhinebeck, N. Y.; in 1830, at Utica, N. Y.; in 1834 he passed to Philadelphia, and in 1850 to Brooklyn, N. Y. In 1861 he went abroad for his health. He died at Florence, Italy, April 27, 1862, suddenly after preaching. Dr. Bethune wrote occasional hymns and poems for more than thirty years. One of his first compositions was a sailor’s hymn beginning, |Tossed upon life’s raging billow,| which appeared in The Christian Lyre, 1830. A collection of his poems, Lays of Love and Faith, was published in Philadelphia in 1847.
It is not death to die 585
When time seems short and death is 296
Bickersteth, Edward Henry, a bishop of the church of England, son of Edward Bickersteth, rector of Walton, was born at Islington, England, January 25, 1825. He was graduated at Cambridge University B.A.1847, M.A.1850). Taking holy orders in the Church of England in 1848, he became curate first at Banningham, Norfolk, and then at Tunbridge Wells; and in 1852 became rector of Hinton-Martell and vicar of Christ Church, Hampstead in 1855. He became Dean of Gloucester in 1885, and that same year he was appointed Bishop of Exeter. Beginning with a volume of Poems in 1849, he published successively no less than twelve volumes, the most widely known being his extended poem titled Yesterday, To-Day, and Forever, 1867, and The Spirit of Life, 1868. He edited and published in 1858 a volume titled Psalms and Hymns. His Hymnal Companion first edition 1870, last edition 1890) called forth from Dr. Julian, editor of the Dictionary of Hymnology, these high words of praise: |Of its kind and from its theological standpoint, as an evangelical hymn book, it is in poetic grace, literary excellence, and lyric beauty, the finest collection in the Anglican Church;| and the author’s contributions to this volume are pronounced |very beautiful and of much value.| He retired from active work in 1900, and died May 16, 1906. Four of his hymns are in this collection:
O God, the Rock of Ages 18
Peace, perfect peace, in this dark 528
Stand, soldier of the cross 413
|Till He come!| O let the words 240
Blacklock, Thomas, was born in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, November 10, 1721. He lost his sight by smallpox when an infant, but was nevertheless well educated and ordained a minister in 1762. Two years later he retired to Edinburgh and spent his time in teaching and authorship. An edition of his poems, which are characterized by elegant mediocrity, was published in 1793. He died July 7, 1791.
Come, O my soul, in sacred lays 23
Bode, John Ernest, a clergyman in the Church of England, was born in 1816. He was educated at Eton and at Oxford, graduating at Christ’s Church in 1837, and took orders in 1841. He was a rector several years, and for a time a tutor of his college. He delivered the Bampton Lectures in 1855. He published Short Occasional Poems, 1858, and Hymns from the Gospel of the Day for Each Sunday and Festivals of Our Lord, 1860. He died October 6, 1874.
O Jesus, I have promised 350
Boehm, Anthony Wilhelm, a German writer, was born in 1673; and died in 1722. Very little is known of him. He translated and published Arndt’s True Christianity in 1712, in which volume was a translation of St. Bernard’s |Jesu, Dulcis Memoria,| which J. C. Jacobi altered and published in his Psalmodia Germanica, 1732. Jacobi’s version was in turn altered by others, and among these alterations the one found in Madan’s Psalms and Hymns, 1760, beginning, |Of Him who did salvation bring,| has long been a favorite with American Methodists. If any hymn in our Hymnal has to be traced back through a long genealogy, this one surely has.
Of Him who did salvation bring 289
Bonar, Horatius, a distinguished Presbyterian divine, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, December 19, 1808; and was educated at the high school and University of Edinburgh. He was ordained in 1837, and became a minister of the Established Church of Scotland at Kelso. At the Disruption in 1843 he became one of the founders of the Free Church of Scotland. The University of Aberdeen gave him the doctorate in 1853. In 1866 he became the minister of the Chalmers Memorial Church, in Edinburgh. Dr. Bonar died July 31, 1889. He was a voluminous writer of sacred poetry, and more than one hundred of his hymns are in common use. He published the following books, in which most of his hymns are found: Songs of the Wilderness, 1843-44; The Bible Hymn Book, 1845; Hymns Original and Selected, 1846; Hymns of Faith and Hope, first series, 1857 (second series, 1864; third series, 1867); Hymns of the Nativity, 1879; Communion Hymns, 1881. Dr. Bonar was an able, pious man and a sweet singer, though as a premillenarian some of his poems are plaintive and sad almost to pessimism. Twelve of his hymns are found in this book. He died July 31, 1889.
A few more years shall roll 578
Beyond the smiling and the weeping 627
Go, labor on; spend and be spent 399
Here, O my Lord, I see thee face to 237
I heard the voice of Jesus say 304
I lay my sins on Jesus 488
I was a wandering sheep 300
Make haste, O man, to live 399
No, not despairingly come I to thee 453
O Love of God, how strong and true 83
Thy way, not mine, O Lord 527
When the weary, seeking rest 509
Bonar, Jane Catherine, the wife of Dr. Horatius Bonar, was the youngest daughter of Rev. Robert Lundie, of Kelso, Scotland (where she was born, December, 1821), and sister of that devotedly pious woman, Mary Lundie Duncan, whose Memoir was written by her gifted mother. She was married to Dr. Bonar in 1843, and died at Edinburgh December 3, 1885. Her hymns, which are few in number, appeared in her husband’s Songs for the Wilderness, 1843-44, and Bible Hymn Book, 1845.
Fade, fade each earthly joy 529
Borthwick, Jane, was born in Edinburgh April 9, 1813. In connection with her sister, Mrs. Sarah Findlater, wife of Rev. Eric J. Findlater, she translated Hymns from the Land of Luther, 1854. Miss Borthwick not only translated many German hymns, but wrote a number of original poems. Many of them were collected and published under the title of Thoughts for Thoughtful Hours, 1857. She died September 7, 1897.
My Jesus, as thou wilt 524
Bourignon, Antoinette, a gifted and pious, but eccentric, mystic of the seventeenth century, was born January 13, 1616. She became fascinated at an early age with books of devotion and with a life of celibacy. She twice fled from home to escape marriage, into which relation her parents wished her to enter. Her father died in 1648, leaving her possessed of considerable wealth. Wishing to do good with her worldly means, she took charge of a foundling hospital in 1653. She joined the order of Augustines in 1667. She attracted great attention by her tracts and discourses. Renouncing Roman Catholicism, she declared herself divinely called to found a new and pure communion. She became an object of persecution, and fled from place to place. She died at Franeker, in Friesland, October 30, 1680. Her works were published in nineteen volumes in 1686. One of her works, The Light of the World, was translated into English, and met with such a large sale and was of such influence in Great Britain that at one time all the candidates for the Presbyterian ministry were required to disavow all belief in or sympathy with |Bourignonism.| The fact that for twenty years she boasted that she had not read a word of the Holy Scripture shows the erratic character of her piety. But by John Wesley’s (or possibly John Byrom’s?) rare power of translation we have from her a most useful hymn, which was written in 1640, at the time when she renounced the world for a religious life.
Come, Saviour Jesus, from above 379
Bourne, William St. Hill, a Church of England clergyman, was born in 1846. He was educated at the London College of Divinity, and took orders in 1869. He is the author of a number of hymns and poems, only one of which is found in this collection. He published A Supplementary Hymnal in 1898. He became rector of Finchley in 1900.
Christ, who once amongst us 683
Bowring, Sir John, an eminent English politician, statesman, foreign minister, and literary man, was born at Exeter, England, October 17, 1792. He held many official positions of responsibility under the English government, and was knighted in 1854. He was a genius in the acquisition of languages. He made translations from no less than thirteen modern languages, mostly of poetry. For many years he represented the English government in China and other portions of the Orient. He was a Unitarian in faith. He died at Exeter November 23, 1872, being eighty years old. His hymns are found in his Matins and Vespers, 1823, and in his Sequel to the Matins, 1825. His published volumes are very numerous, no less than ten of them containing poetic translations from foreign languages or disquisitions on poetry. Although a Unitarian, he is the author of two of our most popular and useful hymns on Christ, one on the life of Christ (No.290) and the other on the cross of Christ (No.143); while two others (Nos.199 and 636) are among our best missionary hymns, striking a triumphant note concerning the beneficent and universal spread of the gospel of Christ.
God is love; his mercy brightens 88
How sweetly flowed the gospel sound 290
In the cross of Christ I glory 143
Upon the gospel’s sacred page 199
Watchman, tell us of the night 636
Brace, Seth Collins, a Congregational cleryman, son of Rev. Joab Brace, was born at Newington, Conn., August 3, 1811; was graduated at Yale College, class of 1832, and received his theological education at the Yale Theological Seminary. He entered the Presbyterian ministry in 1842, but became a Congregationalist later. For many years he was engaged in teaching and literary work, preaching occasionally. In 1861 he was installed pastor of a Congregational Church at Bethany, Conn. Subsequently he was compelled by illness to retire from active work in the ministry. He died in Philadelphia January 25, 1897.
Mourn for the thousands slain 698
Brady, Nicholas, an English divine, was born at Bandon, County Cork, Ireland, October 28, 1659; was educated at Westminster, Oxford, and Trinity College, Dublin. He was a Prebendary of Cork, Ireland. In 1702-05 he was incumbent at Stratford. Later, while incumbent at Richmond, he taught school in addition to his ministerial work. He died May 20, 1726. He published two volumes of poetry, one being a translation of Virgil’s Aeneid. His association with Nahum Tate in making a New Version of the Psalms of David, 1696, which long held a dominant place in the Church of England, has given him a permanent and honored place in the history of hymnology. From this Version we have four selections:
As pants the hart for cooling streams 316
O Lord, our fathers oft have told 700
To Father, Son, and Holy Ghost 720
While shepherds watched their flocks 115
Brewer, Leigh Richmond, the Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Montana since 1880, was born at Berkshire, Vt., January 20, 1839; educated at Hobart College and General Theological Seminary; ordained in 1866; rector of Grace Church, Carthage, N. Y., 1866-72, and of Trinity Church, Watertown, N. Y., 1872-80; was consecrated Missionary Bishop of Montana in 1880; resides at Helena, Mont. Abundant in labors, Bishop Brewer has found time to write occasional poems.
Long years ago o’er Bethlehem’s 120
Bridges, Matthew, was an Englishman born at Malden, Essex, England, July 14, 1800. He was educated in the Church of England, but became a convert to the Church of Rome in connection with the famous Tractarian movement led by Cardinal Newman and others. For several years before his death he resided in the province of Quebec, Canada, where he died October 6, 1894. He was the author of several books, the most valuable of which is Hymns of the Heart, 1848.
Crown him with many crowns 179
My God, accept my heart this day 369
Rise, glorious Conqueror, rise 161
Bromehead, Joseph, was born in 1748, and after his graduation at Queen’s College, Oxford (B.A.1768, M.A.1771), he became curate of Eckington, Derbyshire, remaining there until his death, January 30, 1826. His Melancholy Student reached a second edition in 1776. He translated some of the Psalms into English verse, and was editor of the Eckington Collection, in which volume the hymn beginning |Jerusalem, my happy home,| first appeared in its present familiar form. From this collection of hymns it passed into the Williams and Boden Collection of 1801, and thence into many modern hymnals — from which circumstance several hymnologists have inferred that Bromehead gave that hymn its present form when he inserted it in the Eckington Collection. See full discussion of authorship under the hymn.
Jerusalem, my happy home 608
Brooks, Charles Timothy, a Unitarian divine and a poet and author of more than ordinary ability, was born at Salem, Mass., in 1813; graduated at Harvard College in 1832 and at the Harvard Divinity School in 1835; was pastor of a Unitarian Church in Newport, R. I., from 1836 to 1871; published quite a number of volumes, many being translations from the German; he died June 14, 1883.
God bless our native land 703
Brooks, Phillips, a bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was born in Boston December 13, 1835; graduated at Harvard College in 1855, and then attended the Episcopal School of Theology, at Alexandria, Va. He was ordained in 1859, and became the rector of the Church of the Advent, in Philadelphia. In 1869 he became the rector of Trinity Church, Boston. This church was on Summer Street; but the great fire of 1872 destroyed it, and a new church was erected in Copley Square. He was greatly beloved by his people, and his fame and influence were widely spread. In 1891 he was elected Bishop of Massachusetts, but he did not long serve in this Position. He died January 23, 1893. Bishop Brooks was a great soul in a gigantic body. He made friends of all with whom he came in contact. His influence was positive, strong, and good. Besides the carol in this book, he wrote at least four Christmas and two Easter carols, all of which are very fine.
O little town of Bethlehem 121
Brown, Phoebe Hinsdale, was the daughter of George Hinsdale, and was born May 1, 1783, at Canaan, N. Y. Being left an orphan and moneyless when only two years of age, her early life was one of want, hardship, and drudgery. When nine years of age she went to live with a relative who kept a county jail. |These were years of intense and cruel suffering,| says her son. |The tale of her early life which she has left her children is a narrative of such deprivations, toil, and cruel treatment as it breaks my heart to read.| Not until she was eighteen years of age did she escape from this bondage and find a home among kind and sympathetic people. Her education was limited to three months in the public school at Claverack, N. Y., where she learned to write. She made at this time a profession of faith in Christ and joined the Congregational Church. She did not improve her worldly fortune when, in 1805, she married Thomas H. Brown, a journeyman house painter, after which she lived successively at East Windsor and Ellington, Conn., Monson, Mass., and at Marshall, Ill., where she died October 10, 1861. |Despite all her disadvantages,| says Prof. F. M. Bird in Julian’s Dictionary, |Mrs. Brown’s talents and work are superior to those of any other early female hymnist of America.| Fifteen of her hymns have found a place in the different Church hymnals of America, though only one is given a place in this collection — her famous |Twilight Hymn,| the origin of which is deeply interesting. The |little ones| to whom she referred in this hymn all became eminent for piety and usefulness.
I love to steal awhile away 498
Browne, Simon, an English Independent minister and contemporary of Dr. Isaac Watts, was born at Shepton Mallet, in Somersetshire, about 1680; and died in 1732. He was the pastor of a Church in Portsmouth and later in London. While living in London he published his original Hymns and Spiritual Songs, 1720. He was also the author of a number of prose volumes, among them a Defence of Christianity. Near the close of life he suffered from a peculiar mental disease. He imagined that God in his displeasure had gradually annihilated in him the thinking substance — that he had no reasoning soul. At the same time he was so acute a disputant that his friends said he could reason as if he had two souls. In the old hymn books a number of his hymns were in common use.
And now, my soul, another year 570
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, scarcely less famous as a poet than her illustrious husband, Robert Browning, was born in Londen March 4, 1809, being the eldest daughter of Edward Moulton, a country gentleman, who took the name of Barrett soon after her birth. On September 12, 1846, she was married to Robert Browning, and the remainder of her life was spent in Italy, chiefly at Florence, where she died June 30, 1861. In all literature there is no parallel case where husband and wife have each attained such distinction as poets and hold so high a place in the world of letters. As a poet she stands foremost among English literary women. Beginning at eight years of age to write poetry and being a great reader and a tireless worker, she produced during the forty years of her literary life, although much of the time an invalid, poems of rare intellectual power, artistic beauty, and ethical force; and a beautiful Christian faith pervades them all, which is also true of the writings of her illustrious husband. The happy married life and literary fellowship of Mrs. Browning and her husband constitute one of the most beautiful things in the biography of literature. This volume contains two lyrics from her pen:
Of all the thoughts of God that are 541
Since without Thee we do no good 504
Bryant, William Cullen, eminent American editor and poet, was born in Cummington, Mass., November 3, 1794; spent two years at Williams College, after which he studled law and practiced about ten years. In 1826 he connected himself with the New York Evening Post and continued to be one of its editors and proprietors to the day of his death, June 12, 1878. Bryant is known as one of the ablest and sweetest of American poets. Many editions of his poems have been published. He also made an excellent translation of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. Nineteen of his hymns were privately printed and circulated among his friends in 1869. A number of them are in common use.
Dear ties of mutual succor bind 689
Deem not that they are blest alone 456
Look from thy sphere of endless day 644
Thou whose unmeasured temple 659
Hail to the Sabbath day 66
Burleigh, William Henry, a social reformer and member of the Unitarian Church, was born at Woodstock, Conn., February 12, 1812. He was brought up on his father’s farm, and attended the district school. He was a born reformer, and living in New England in his time and with his disposition, naturally identified himself with the radical abolitionists and prohibitionists. His business was that of editor and lecturer. In 1837 he began at Pittsburg, Pa., the publication of the Christian Witness and Temperance Banner. In 1843 he became editor of the Christian Freeman at Hartford, Conn. From 1849 to 1855 he was agent of the New York State Temperance Society, and was harbor master at New York from 1855 to 1870. He died at Brooklyn, N. Y., March 18, 1871. Poetry was his recreation. His poems were collected and published in 1841; second and enlarged edition, 1871. The poem titled |Blessed Are They That Mourn| was born of sorrow. Within the space of two years he buried his father, wife, eldest daughter, and eldest son. Let no one imagine that the strong, calm faith of this hymn was attained without difficulty. In a letter to a friend he said: |It is not without strong wrestlings that doubt and murmurings are put under my feet and I am enabled to struggle up into the purer atmosphere of faith.| He is one of the few American hymn writers whose hymns are more extensively used in England than in America. Of fourteen hymns by him in common use, only two are here given: —
Lead us, O Father, in the paths of 475
Still will we trust 486
Burns, James Drummond, a Scotch Presbyterian divine, was born in Edinburgh February 18, 1823. He was a graduate of the University of Edinburgh. In 1845 he became a pastor of the Free Church of Scotland at Dunblane. In 1848 he took charge of a Presbyterian Church at Funchal, Madeira. In 1855 he became pastor of a Presbyterian Church in London. He died at Mentone November 27, 1864. He was the author of about one hundred hymns, only a few of which have come into common use. He was also the translator of thirty-nine German hymns. His Memoir was written by the Rev. James Hamilton, D.D., 1869.
Hushed was the evening hymn 674
Still with thee, O my God 525
Burton, Henry, a Methodist minister, born in 1840 at Swannington, Leicestershire, in the house where his grandmother, Mrs. James Burton, in 1818 organized the first Wesleyan juvenile missionary society. His parents moving to America in his boyhood, he was educated at Beloit College, Wisconsin. After his graduation he became a local preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church and acted as a supply for the brother of Miss Frances E. Willard and also for six months as pastor at Monroe, Wis., after which he returned to England, and in 1865 entered the Wesleyan ministry. His labors have been chiefly in Lancashire and London. He married the sister of Rev. Mark Guy Pearse, the well-known Wesleyan preacher and author. He is the author of the commentary on St. Luke in the Expositor’s Bible series of commentaries and also of Gleanings in the Gospels and Wayside Songs, 1886. In 1900 he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Beloit College. His famous little poem titled |Pass It On| has been set to music by no less than ten different composers. His present address is Charnwood, West Kirby, Birkenhead, Cheshire, England.
O King of kings, O Lord of hosts 714
Campbell, Jane Montgomery, an English lady, a writer and teacher of music, daughter of the Rev. A. Montgomery Campbell, of the Church of England, was born in London in 1817; and died November 15, 1878. She was a teacher in her father’s parish school, a writer of English verse, and a translator of German hymns, some of which were published in C. S. Bere’s Garland of Songs, 1862, and Children’s Choral Book, 1869. She is the author of A Handbook for Singers.
We plow the fields and scatter 716
Campbell, Margaret Cockburn. She was the eldest daughter of Sir John Malcolm. In 1827 she was married to Sir Alexander Thomas Cockburn-Campbell, who was one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren in England. Some of her hymns appeared in the collection of the Plymouth Brethren in 1842, and so came into general use. She died February 6, 1841.
Praise ye Jehovah! praise the Lord 20
Carney, Julia A., was Miss Fletcher when she wrote the hymn contained in this collection, beginning: |Think gently of the erring one.| She was born at Lancaster, Mass., April 6, 1823; began writing verses in early childhood, contributing poems to juvenile periodicals when she was only fourteen; became a teacher in one of the primary schools of Boston in 1844; wrote the familiar little poem beginning, |Little drops of water, little grains of sand,| in 1845; married Rev. Thomas J. Carney in 1849. She died at Galesburg, Ill., November 1, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Carney were members of the Universalist Church.
Think gently of the erring one 699
Cary, Phoebe, and her sister Alice hold an honored place among the female poets of America. Phoebe (her sister Alice being four years her senior) was born in the Miami Valley, Ohio, September 4, 1824. The sisters began writing poetry at a very early age. Their collected Poems were first published in 1850. They moved to New York City in 1852, and soon had bought and paid for with their pens a very delightful home on Twentieth Street, where they lived until their death. The death of the elder sister preceded and hastened that of the younger, which occurred in 1871 while on a visit to Newport, R. I. Miss Cary was at the time of her death a member of the Church of the Strangers (Independent), in New York City. In 1869, in coöperation with her pastor, Dr. Charles F. Deems, she published a collection of sacred songs titled Hymns for All Christians. She published Poems and Parodies in 1854 and Poems of Faith, Hope, and Love in 1868. The deep devotion of these two sisters to each other and their intimate fellowship in literary work attracted widespread and admiring attention on the part of all who knew them. Three other hymns by Phoebe Cary and seven hymns by Alice Cary are found in Church hymnals.
One sweetly solemn thought 620
Caswall, Edward, is the translator of many popular hymns. He comes of a literary family. His father and a brother were both clergymen of distinction in the Church of England. He was born at Yateley, in Hampshire, July 15, 1814; graduated at Oxford in 1836; was ordained deacon in the Church of England in 1838; became perpetual curate of Stratford-and-Castle, near Salisbury, in 1840; resigned his ecclesiastical position in the Church of England in 1846 with a view to joining the Roman Catholic Church, which he and his wife did in 1847; became a priest in the Congregation of the Oratory, which Cardinal Newman had established at Birmingham, where he remained until his death, January 2, 1878. His biographer says:
His life was marked by earnest devotion to his clerical duties and a loving interest in the poor, the sick, and in little children. His translations of Latin hymns have a wider circulation in modern hymnals than those of any other translator, Dr. Neale alone excepted. This is owing to his general faithfulness to the originals and the purity of his rhythm, the latter feature specially adapting his hymns to music and for congregational purposes.
His translation from St. Bernard, beginning, |Jesus, the very thought of thee,| is one of the finest in the entire Hymnal. Most of his original hymns are so Romish in doctrinal teaching as to make them unfitted for use in Protestant hymnals. His hymns are found in his Lyra Catholica, 1849; Masque of Mary and Other Poems, 1858; A May Pageant and Other Poems, 1865. The contents of all these volumes are contained in his Hymns and Poems, 1873, many of his hymns being rewritten or revised for this final volume. Four of his translations are in our Hymnal:
Jesus, the very thought of thee 533
My God, I love thee, not because 483
O come, all ye faithful 125
When morning gilds the skies 32
Cawood, John, a clergyman of the Church England, was born at Matlock, in Derbyshire, March 18, 1775. He was a farmer’s son, and his early educational advantages were limited. By private study he succeeded in entering St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, in 1797, obtaining his degree four years later. He took holy orders in 1801. In 1814 he became perpetual curate in Bewdely, Worcestershire, remaining there until his death, November 7, 1852. Cawood wrote only a few hymns. Nine were published in Cotterill’s Selection, eighth edition, 1819. Three others are found in Lyra Britannica, 1867. Only one appears in this collection:
Hark! what mean those holy voices 109
Cennick, John, was born in Berkshire, England, December 12, 1718. Being converted in his seventeenth year, he connected himself first with the Methodists and became a preacher among them, and was placed in charge of the Kingswood School; but his theological views undergoing a change, he separated from them in 1741, carrying several members with him and founding an independent society of his own, which, however, was soon gathered into the Whitefield, or Lady Huntingdon, Connection. A few years later he joined the Moravians, and spent most of the remainder of his life in the northern part of Ireland, returning to London in 1755, where he died July 4 of that same year, at the age of thirty-seven. He was a man of sincere and earnest piety. His first hymns were written for the use of the Methodists, and were altered and probably improved by the Wesleys. He published Sacred Hymns in three parts and in various editions, 1741-49, and in 1754 his Hymns to the Honor of Jesus Christ, Composed for Such Little Children as Desire to be Saved. |I would not have any,| says Cennick, |who read these hymns look to find either good poetry or fine language, for indeed there is none.| to which Dr. Hatfield says: |It was the truth. The few hymns from his pen that are now used have been considerably modified to fit them for the service of song, and are known at present almost wholly in these altered forms.| He is the author of two well-known |Graces| before and after meat, commencing, |Be present at our table, Lord,| and |We thank thee, Lord, for his our food.| (See notes under Nos.306 and 532 for further biographical facts.) His three best hymns are:
Children of the heavenly King 547
Jesus, my all, to heaven is gone 306
Thou dear Redeemer, dying Lamb 532
Charles, Elizabeth Rundle, the daughter of John Rundle, a banker and member of Parliament, was born at Tavistock, Devonshire, England, January 2, 1828. In 1851 she was married to Andrew Paton Charles, a barrister at law, who died in 1868. For some years previous to her death (March 28, 1896) she signed her name |Rundle-Charles.| She is described in Allibone’s Dictionary of Authors as one who had reputation as a linguist, painter, musician, poet, and preëminently as the author of The Chronicles of the Schönberg-Cotta Family, 1863, and more than twenty-five other volumes, several of which were poetry. No books written in the past century designed to popularize the notable epochs in modern Church history have had a wider reading or a greater and more healthful influence than The Schönberg-Cotta Family and the series of historic volumes that followed it. Among her many volumes discussing poetry and containing poems from her pen, none has attained such widespread recognition and influence as The Voice of Christian Life in Song in Many Lands and Ages, 1865. Her Poems were published in New York in 1867. Many of her works have had an immense circulation in England and America. Before her death she had won a high and permanent place in English literature as one of the purest and most wholesome of modern Christian authors. Some half dozen of her hymns are found in the hymnals of different Churches.
Never farther than thy cross 144
Chorley, Henry Fothergill, an English editor and author, was born at Blackleyhurst, Lancashire, December 15, 1808. He was educated at the Royal Institution, Liverpool. In 1834 he went to London to take a place on the staff of the Athenaeum, and retained this editorial position for thirty-five years. He was the author of several novels and a large number of songs. He died February 15, 1872.
God, the All-Terrible! thou who 707
Claudius, Matthias, the son of a Lutheran Pastor, was born at Reinfeld, near Lubeck, August 15, 1740. He entered the university at Jena in 1759 as a student of theology, but later turned to law and literature. While residing at Darmstadt he associated with a circle of freethinking philosophers, but a severe sickness caused him to return to the faith of his childhood. He did not intentionally write hymns for the Church, but much of his poetry is Christian in spirit and a few pieces have been utilized as hymns. He died at Hamburg January 21, 1815.
We plow the fields and scatter 716
61. Clement of Alexandria
Clement of Alexandria, whose real name was Titus Flavius Clemens, was born about 160 or 170 A.D., at either Athens or Alexandria; and died about 215 or 220. A diligent student of Greek literature and philosophy, he was also as a young man an earnest seeker after the truth, and at length found it in the Christian faith. He traveled far and wide, seeking instruction from Christian teachers. He seemed to have been most influenced by Pantaenus, the head of the celebrated Catechetical School at Alexandria, and succeeded him about 190. While in this position he was ordained a presbyter. He continued to teach and preach at Alexandria until driven away by the persecution of Severus in 202. Origen and Alexander, Bishop of Jerusalem, were both pupils of Clement at Alexandria. The last knowledge of him is in 211, when he bore a letter of commendation and confidence from Bishop Alexander, his former pupil, to the Christians at Antioch. It is not known whether he died in the East or returned to Alexandria. Three of his theological works are extant; also one sermon and one hymn to Christ, which, as found in this collection, owes as much to the translator as it does to the author.
Shepherd of tender youth 672
Codner, Elizabeth, was the wife of an English clergyman, the author of Among the Brambles and Other Lessons from Life, in which her hymn, |Lord, I hear of showers of blessing,| was printed. She published two small volumes titled The Missionary Ship and The Bible in the Kitchen, and edited the periodical, Woman’s Work in the Great Harvest Field. She was associated for some years with the Mildmay Protestant Mission, London. Hymnologists do not give the date of her birth or death.
Lord, I hear of showers of blessing 346
Coghill, Annie Louisa, daughter of Robert Walker, was born in Kiddermore, England, In 1836. In 1884 she was married to Harry Coghill. |Work, for the night is coming,| was written in 1854, which was before her marriage and when she was only eighteen years of age. She was then residing in Canada, and the hymn was first printed in a Canadian newspaper. The author’s text is found in her Oak and Maple, 1890. Her occasional poems printed in various Canadian newspapers were gathered together and published in 1859 In a volume titled Leaves from the Backwoods. In 1898 Mrs. Coghill edited and published the Autobiography and Letters of her cousin, Mrs. Oliphant.
Work, for the night is coming 422
Collyer, William Bengo, was the pastor of an Independent or Congregational Church from 1801, when he was ordained, until his death, January 8, 1854. He was born at Blackheath, near London, April 14, 1782, He was educated at Homerton College, which he entered at the age of sixteen. Dr. Collyer’s Church was at Peckham, England. Dr. Falding, in the Dictionary of Hymnology, says he |was eminent in his day as an eloquent evangelical preacher when formalism in worship and Arianism in doctrine prevailed. He was a man of amiable disposition, polished manners, and Christian courtesy, popular with rich and poor alike.| He edited a hymn book which was published in London, 1812, Hymns Partly Collected and Partly Original. To this book he contributed fifty-seven of his own hymns. He also contributed thirty-nine pieces to Dr. Leifchild’s book of Original Hymns, 1843. A few of his hymns have been useful, but none of them have reached the first rank.
Haste, traveler, haste, the night 251
Return, O wanderer, return 255
Colquhoun, Frances Sara, daughter of Mrs. Ebenezer Fuller-Maitland, of Stanstead Hall, Henley-on-Thames, was born at Shinfield Park, near Reading, England, June 20, 1809; on January 29, 1834, she was married to John Colquhoun. She died May 27, 1877. She contributed to her mother’s volume titled Hymns for Private Devotion, 1827, one original hymn, and also some additional lines to Henry Kirke White’s incomplete hymn beginning, |Much in sorrow, oft in woe.|
Oft in danger, oft in woe 412
Conder, Josiah, the son of Thomas Conder, a London bookseller, and the grandson of Dr. John Conder, an eminent Dissenting clergyman, was born in London September 17, 1789. At an early age he lost the sight of his right eye. At the age of fifteen he entered his father’s bookstore, where he was thrown much with intellectual people; and this increased and confirmed the interest which he already had in literature. At the early age of twenty-one we find him, conjointly with several other young aspirants for literary fame (one of whom, Eliza Thomas, became his wife), issuing a volume of poetry called The Associate Minstrels, which attained sufficient popularity to justify a second edition two years later (1812). This same year he contributed three hymns to Dr. Collyer’s collection. In 1814 he obtained control of the Eclectic Review, and from this time on he devoted all his time to literature and journalism. In 1832 he started the Patriot newspaper, which he continued to edit and publish until his death, December 27, 1855. He published more than a dozen scholarly volumes during his life, and these show him to have been a devout and pious believer. His Congregational Hymn Book, published in 1836, attained a widespread popularity which lasted for many years. Just before he died he collected all the hymns he had written with a view to publication. They were issued the year after his death under the title: Hymns of Praise, Prayer, and Devout Meditation. |His friends included most of the literary and Christian men of eminence living in the first half of the nineteenth century.| A larger number of Conder’s hymns are said to be in common use in England and America at this time than those of any other writer of the Congregational body, Watts and Doddridge alone excepted.
Day by day the manna fell 438
How shall I follow Him I serve 339
The Lord is King! lift up thy voice 90
Copeland, Benjamin, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, residing at present (1911) in Buffalo, N. Y., was born in 1855. He has filled various important stations in his Church since entering the ministry. The two useful hymns which we have here from his pen show that he has fine poetic ability. They are both hymns of more than ordinary merit. The first of the two especially neets a real need in the Hymnal and fills a place not filled by any other hymn.
Christ’s life our code, his cross our 138
Our Father’s God, to thee we raise 713
Cotterill, Jane, was the daughter of a minister, Rev. John Book, the wife of a minister, Rev. Joseph Cotterill, and the mother of a minister, Rt. Rev. Henry Cotterill, Bishop of Edinburgh. She lived but thirty-five years. Born in 1790, married in 1811, died in 1825. She wrote only a few hymns, which appeared first in Thomas Cotterill’s Selection, 1815, without name; and later they appeared in Montgomery’s Christian Psalmist, 1825, with the name of the author.
O Thou, who hast at thy command 341
Cotterill, Thomas, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Cannock, Staffordshire, December 4, 1779; graduated at Cambridge in 1801, and entered the ministry of the Church of England. In 1817 he became perpetual curate of St. Paul’s, at Sheffield, where he spent the rest of his life, teaching a small school part of file time in connection with his pastoral work. It was here that he met and formed an intimate friendship with James Montgomery, the poet and hymn writer, who helped him in the preparation of a volume of hymns under the following title: A Selection of Psalms and Hymns for Public and Private Use, Adapted to the Services of the Church of England. So popular was this book that it reached its eighth edition by 1819. This work contained one hundred and fifty psalms and three hundred and sixty-seven hymns, of which Montgomery furnished fifty and Cotterill thirty-two, though the authors’ names were not in any cases attached to the hymns. This book brought Cotterill into trouble with the ecclesiastical authorities, and was actually carried into the courts; but the suit was settled through the mediation of the archbishop, who revised Cotterill’s selections and added several of his own, reducing the number to one hundred and forty-six. In spite of ecclesiastical influence, however, this |suppressed| volume continued to be used and to have widespread influence. |It did more,| says Julian, |than any other collection in the Church of England to mold the hymn books of the next period; and nearly nine-tenths of the hymns therein, and usually in the altered form given them by Cotterill or James Montgomery, who assisted him, are still in common use in Great Britain and America.| Cotterill died December 29, 1823. Montgomery’s sorrow over his death found expression in the well-known hymn beginning |Friend after friend departs.|
Help us, O Lord, thy yoke to wear 691
Our God is love; and all his saints 552
Cowper, Frances Maria, was born in England in 1727; and died in 1797. She was the wife of Major Cowper, a sister of the Rev. Martin Madan, and a cousin, through her mother, of William Cowper, the poet. Her poems, Original Poems on Various Occasions, by a Lady, were published in 1792.
My span of life will soon be done 426
Cowper, William, one of the most popular poets and letter writers of the English language, was born in Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire, November 26, 1731. His father, Rev. John Cowper, was a chaplain to George II. He spent ten years in Westminster School, and then began reading law, but abandoned it for literature after a very brief practice. He became the most distinguished poet of the English language in the latter half of the eighteenth century. His poetic works are too numerous and too well known to need mention here. His life is invested with a peculiar and sorrowful interest, owing to his constitutional tendency to mental and moral despondency, which brought on frequent attacks of insanity. His disappointment in not being permitted to marry his cousin added to his malady. His melancholia had come upon him and placed its dark limitations upon his life before he went, in 1765, to live at Huntingdon, where his association with and love for Mrs. Mary Unwin became one of the tenderest and holiest attachments of his life. In 1767 he moved to Olney, the home of Rev. John Newton. An intimate friendship between the two at once began. Cowper was a constant and prayerful attendant upon Newton’s Church services, especially his cottage prayer meetings, for which nearly all of his hymns were written at Newton’s request. The Olney Hymns, 1779, was their joint production, seventy-eight of them coming from Cowper. He also translated many of the hymns of Madame Guyon, one of which is found in this volume. He died April 25, 1800, at East Dereham. He is regarded as the greatest letter writer in Engllsh literature. None of his great poems show signs of melancholia, but breathe a healthful and cheerful piety. No other great poet has written so many hymns as he. His hymns give expression to sentiments of peace and gratitude, of trust and submission, rather than of hope and joy. A plaintive and refined tenderness runs through them all.
A glory gilds the sacred page 198
God moves in a mysterious way 96
Hark, my soul, it is the Lord 307
Hear what God the Lord hath 211
Jesus, where’er thy people meet 37
My Lord, how full of sweet content 518
O for a closer walk with God 492
Sometimes a light surprises 454
There is a fountain filled with blood 291
What various hindrances we meet 496
Cox, Christopher Christian, an eminent physician, son of Rev. Luther J. Cox, a Methodist preacher, was born in Baltimore August 28, 1816; was graduated at Yale College in 1835, and at a medical school in his native city in 1838. In 1861 he was appointed brigade surgeon in the United States army, and resided in Washington. He died November 25, 1882. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He was a brother of Rev. Samuel K. Cox, D.D., author of Hymn No.347.
Silently the shades of evening 52
Cox, Samuel Keener, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was born in Baltimore, Md., July 16, 1823; and died at Harrisonburg, Va., November 27, 1909. He was the son of Rev. Luther J. Cox, a Methodist local preacher, and was a first cousin of Bishop John C. Keener. He enjoyed fine educational advantages in early life, and in 1844 he joined the Maryland Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, of which his father was one of the organizers in 1828. After filling various pastoral charges in Washington City and elsewhere, he became in 1853 Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy in Madison College, Uniontown, Pa., which position he filled for some years, and then was engaged in educational work in Virginia and Alabama until 1866, when he joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in which Church he served as educator, pastor in Baltimore, Washington City, and elsewhere and as editor of the Episcopal Methodist, the Baltimore Christian Advocate, and the Baltimore and Richmond Christian Advocate. He was a member of the committee of nine which in 1886-88 compiled the hymn book of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, which was the official hymnal of that Church until this present book became the joint hymnal of both branches of American Episcopal Methodism. Dr. Cox was a brother of Dr. Christopher C. Cox, the author of Hymn No.52.
Lord, thou hast promised grace for 347
Coxe, Arthur Cleveland, a bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was born at Mendham, N, J., May 10, 1818; graduated at the University of New York in 1838; took orders in the ministry in 1841, and served as rector at Hartford, Baltimore, and New York. In 1865 he was elected bishop of Western New York. He died July 20, 1896. Bishop Coxe was the author of several small volumes of Poems: Advent, 1837; Christian Ballads, 1840; Athanasion, 1842; Hallowe’en and Other Poems, 1844; Saul, a Mystery, 1845. A few of his hymns are found in many collections. As a member of the Hymnal Commission that prepared the official hymnal of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1869-71 he refused to allow any of his own hymns to be inserted in that volume, which, Prof. F. M. Bird thinks, was a case of |too scrupulous modesty.|
How beauteous were the marks 127
O where are kings and empires now 214
Crewdson, Jane, the daughter of George Fox, was born at Perraw, Cornwall, England, in October, 1809, and was married to Thomas Crewdson, of Manchester, in 1836. Always delicate in health, toward the close of her life she became a confirmed invalid and a great sufferer; and most of her hymns were written during this period of suffering. She died at Summerlands, near Manchester, September 14, 1863, |leaving behind her the memory of a beautiful Christian life and many admirable verses.| She truly learned in suffering what she taught in song. Her husband wrote beautifully of her: |As a constant sufferer, the spiritual life deepening and the intellectual life retaining all its power, she became well prepared to testify as to the all-sufficiency of her Saviour’s love. Many felt that her sick room was the highest place to which they could resort for refreshment of spirit and even for mental recreation. From that apartment came many a letter of earnest sympathy or of charming playfulness.| She published anonymously several small volumes of poetry, and the year after her death a book of her poems was published under the title: A Little While and Other Poems, 1864. A verse, written just before she died, titled |During Sickness,| is a gem worthy of immortality:
O Saviour, I have naught to plead
In earth beneath or heaven above,
But just my own exceeding need
And thy exceeding love:
The need will soon be past and gone,
Exceeding great but quickly o’er;
The love, unbought, is all Thine own,
And lasts for evermore.
O Thou, whose bounty fills my cup 531
Croly, George, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Dublin August 17, 1780. In 1804 he took the degree of Master of Arts at Dublin University, which institution also conferred on him in 1831 the degree of LL.D. After receiving holy orders he labored in Ireland until 1810, when he removed to London and devoted himself largely to literature. He died November 24, 1860. Dr. Croly’s hymns were published in his Psalms and Hymns for Public Worship, 1854.
Spirit of God, descend upon my heart 197
Crosby, Fanny Jane (Mrs. Van Alstyne), is the most prolific and perhaps the most popular writer of Sunday school hymns that America has ever produced. She was born at South East, Putnam County, N. Y., March 24, 1820. When only six weeks old she lost her eyesight. Her first poem was written when she was only eight years old. At the age of fifteen she entered the Institution for the Blind in New York City, where she spent seven years as a pupil and eleven years (1847-58) as a teacher. In 1844 she published a volume entitled The Blind Girl and Other Poems, and in 1849 Monterey and Other Poems. In 1851 she was happily converted, and united with the Old John Street Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1858 she was married to Mr. Alexander Van Alstyne, who was also, like herself, blind, had been a teacher in the Institution, and was possessed of rare musical talent, and thus eminently fitted to be a congenial and helpful life companion. As a hymn writer, however, she has continued since her marriage to bear her maiden name. A third volume of her poems was issued the year of her marriage: A Wreath of Columbia’s Flowers, 1858. She was in the employ of Mr. William B. Bradbury for the last four years before he died, and she was for some years regularly employed by Biglow and Main to write |three hymns a week the year round.| She has written about six thousand hymns, considerably less than half of which number have been published. In 1898 she published Bells at Evening and Other Poems, and in 1906 Memories of Eighty Years. Revered, honored, and loved by millions, she resides at Bridgeport, Conn., being at this writing (1911) ninety-one years of age. Fanny Crosby’s hymns and the tunes to which they are sung have a peculiar charm for the young and for the masses of the people. There are thousands of religious homes where her sweet and simple songs are sung daily, and are scarcely less familiar than the words of Scripture. In sunshine and darkness alike and in all lands her songs are sung |with a glad heart and free.| Few women that have ever lived can claim a higher honor than belongs to Fanny Crosby in being permitted to witness the world-wide popularity of so many of her hymns.
Blessed assurance, Jesus is mine 548
Pass me not, O gentle Saviour 329
Rescue the perishing 697
Saviour, more than life to me 490
Thou, my everlasting portion 332
Cross, Ada Cambridge, the daughter of Henry Cambridge, was born at Norfolk, England, November 21, 1844. In 1870 she married Rev. George Frederick Cross, a clergyman of the Church of England. The same year she removed with her husband to Australia, where she has since resided. She published Hymns on the Holy Communion, 1866, and Hymns on the Litany, 1865. A few of her hymns have become popular. Her hymns, says Dr. Julian, |are characterized by great sweetness and purity of rhythm, combined with naturalness and simplicity.|
The dawn of God’s dear Sabbath 72
Cummins, James John, was born in Cork, Ireland, May 5, 1795. He moved to London in 1834. He was for many years a director of the Union Bank of Australia. He died at Wildecroft, Buckland, Surrey, November 23, 1867. He was a devout member of the Church of England. He took a deep interest in the study of Hebrew and of theology. His volume titled Seals of the Covenant Opened in the Sacraments, 1839, was prepared with a view to meeting the needs of his own children in their preparation for assuming the vows of Church membership. It contained poetical meditations and hymns which were also published separately the same year and republished ten years later under the title, Hymns, Meditations, and Other Poems, 1849, the title on the cover being Lyra Evangelica.
Shall hymns of grateful love 26
Cutter, William, an editor and publisher, was born in North Yarmouth, Me., May 15, 1801. He was educated at Bowdoin College, where he was graduated in 1821. He belonged to the Congregational Church. He was engaged in business in Portland, Me., for several years, and then in Brooklyn, N. Y. His hymns were contributed to the Christian Mirror, a periodical published at Portland. He died February 8, 1867. Professor Bird describes Mr. Cutter as |a deserving writer who has hitherto missed his due meed of acknowledgment.|
She loved her Saviour, and to him 694
Who is my neighbor? He whom 690
Davies, Samuel, an eminent Presbyterian divine, was born near Summit Ridge, Newcastle, Del., November 3, 1723. He was licensed in 1745 and ordained to the ministry in 1747, and labored for several years as a missionary and evangelist in the State of Virginia. He succeeded Jonathan Edwards as President of Princeton College in 1759, but died February 4, 1761, in his thirty-seventh year. His published sermons show him to have been a man of great intellectual vigor, piety, and usefulness. They have been frequently reprinted. In Dr. Thomas Gibson’s Hymns Adapted to Divine Worship (London, 1769) there are sixteen hymns by Mr. Davies, one of which is the following:
Lord, I am thine, entirely thine 342
Decius, Nicolaus, was born in Upper Franconia, Bavaria, toward the close of the fifteenth century. He was first a monk in the Roman Catholic Church, being in 1519 Probst of the cloister at Steterburg, near Wolfenbüttel; but becoming a convert to Luther’s views, he left the Romish Church in 1522 and moved to Brunswick, where he taught school for one year. He became an Evangelical preacher at Stettin in 1523, and was for many years pastor of the Church of St. Nicholas. He died suddenly March 21, 1541. His work was carried on under constant opposition from the Church of Rome, but he was a popular and influential preacher among the early Protestants. He was a good musician, and composed tunes for three hymns that he wrote, only one of which is contained in this collection:
To God on high be thanks 93
Deems, Charles Force, was for a number of years a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and from 1866 till his death, in 1893, pastor of the Church of the Strangers, an independent congregation in New York City. He was born in Baltimore, Md., December 4, 1820; graduated at Dickinson College in 1839, after which he settled in North Carolina, entering the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church and serving as Agent of the American Bible Society in that State for 1840-41; Professor of Logic and Rhetoric in the University of North Carolina, 1842-5; Professor of Chemistry in Randolph-Macon College, Virginia, 1845-46. He served as pastor of sevral Churches in the North Carolina Conference. He was President of the Greensboro Female College, North Carolina, 1846-50. In 1866 he moved to New York, where he died November 18, 1893. Deems was a popular preacher and forcible public speaker. He was the author of a valuable life of Christ, titled The Light of the Nations. In connection with Miss Phoebe Cary he edited Hymns for All Christians, 1869. As pastor of Commodore Venderbilt he had, in connection with Bishop H. N. McTyeire, not a little to do with influencing that man of princely wealth to give a million dollars to the |Central University of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South| (now Vanderbilt University), at Nashville, Tenn. He was the founder and for many years the President of the American Institute of Christian Philosophy, and also editor of its organ, Christian Thought.
I shall not want; in deserts wild 436
Denny, Sir Edward, was born at Tralee Castle, County Kerry, Ireland, October 2, 1796, and succeeded to the baronetcy upon the death of his father, in 1831. He owned a large estate in Ireland, though his principal residence was in London. His Church membership was with the Plymouth Brethren. He published A Selection of Hymns in 1839 and a volume of Hymns and Poems in 1848. His Millennial Hymns, 1870, is a republication of his former work. It contains a long preface on prophecy, in which he advocates Millenarianism. He died in London June 13, 1889.
What grace, O Lord, and beauty 126
Dessler, Wolfgang Christopher, was born at Nuremberg February 11, 1660. His father was a jeweler, and wished his son to follow the same trade. But the son was devoted to study, and at length entered the University of Altdorf as a student of divinity. On account of ill health, he was obliged to give up his course; but he continued his literary work as he was able. He was head master of a school at Nuremberg some fifteen years. Dessler was the author of fifty-six hymns, an accurate scholar and a devout Christian. He died March 11, 1722.
Into thy gracious hands I fall 305
Dexter, Henry Martyn, an eminent Congregational divine and editor of the Congregationalist, of Boston, was born at Plymouth, Mass., August 13, 1821; graduated at Yale College in 1840, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1844; was pastor in Manchester, N. H., and in Boston; resigned his pastoral charge in 1867 to become editor of the Congregationalist and Recorder. He is the author of a large number of published volumes. He died November 13, 1890. His only hymn in this collection is a translation of the primitive hymn of Clement of Alexandria:
Shepherd of tender youth 672
Beauteous are the flowers of earth 673
Come unto me, ye weary 295
Hallelujah! sing to Jesus 176
Doane, George Washington, a bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was born in Trenton, N. J., May 27, 1799; graduated at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., in 1818; entered the ministry in 1821, and served as an assistant minister at Trinity Church, New York, until 1824, when he was called to a chair in Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., where he remained until 1828, when he became rector of Trinity Church, Boston, being in this position when he was elected in 1832 to the bishopric of New Jersey. St. Mary’s Hall, Burlington, was founded by him in 1837, and Burlington College in 1846. A man of great energy and force of character, of rare warmth of heart, and of exceptional learning, he was regarded as one of the most able and influential prelates of the Episcopal Church in America. He had not only warm friends and ardent admirers, but bitter enemies and numerous controversies. He died April 27, 1859. His Songs by the Way, 1824, published when he was only twenty-five years old, gave evidence of unusual gifts as a poet and hymn writer. Just after his death his son published his Works, in four volumes, and an enlarged edition of his Sangs by the Way. There are some who claim that his hymn beginning |Thou art the Way| is the greatest hymn that America has yet produced.
Fling out the banner! let it float 639
Softly now the light of day 53
Thou art the Way; to Thee alone 133
Doane, William Crosswell, a bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, the son of Bishop George Washington Doane, was born in Boston, Mass., March 2, 1832. He was educated for the ministry. He was ordained a deacon in 1853, a priest in 1856. His first work was as assistant to his father in St. Mary’s Church, Burlington, N. J. From 1865 to 1867 he was rector of St. John’s Church, Hartford, Conn. In 1869 he was consecrated bishop of the new diocese of Albany. In 1902 his fugitive poems were collected and published in a volume titled Rhymes from Time to Time. Bishop Doane received the title of D.D. from Oxford and LL.D. from Cambridge. His residence is Albany, N. Y.
Ancient of days, who sittest throned 76
Doddridge, Philip, one of the most distinguished Dissenting ministers of the eighteenth century, was the youngest of twenty children. He was born June 26, 1702. He entered the ministry when only nineteen years old. In 1729 he moved to Northampton, where he became pastor of the Dissenting Church and also, by the urgent advice of Isaac Watts and others, organized and conducted a theological school for young preachers; and as many as a hundred and fifty studied theology with him during the twenty years he was there. His Family Expositor and Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul have been translated into many languages, and are still widely read, while his Sermons attest his vigor and piety as a preacher. He died of consumption at Lisbon, Portugal, October 16, 1751, in the fiftieth year of his age. It was Dr. Doddridge’s custom immediately after finishing a sermon, while his mind was yet aglow with the warmth and unction of earnest, prayerful study and the thought and plan of the sermon were fresh in his mind, to write a hymn embodying the doctrinal and devotional sentiment of the discourse, and have it sung immediately after the conclusion of his sermon. This gives to his hymns a doctrinal unity not found in many hymns. Hence his hymns, as a rule, are suitable for one subject, not for any subject or occasion. They are the hymns of a pastor and preacher, written to meet his own needs. Dr. Doddridge’s hymns were circulated only in manuscript during his lifetime. It was not until four years after his death that they (three hundred and seventy in all) were collected and published under the title: Hymns Founded on Various Texts in the Holy Scriptures, 1755. A later edition (1766) contained five additional hymns; and in 1839 a great-grandson of Dr. Doddridge published a |new and corrected edition,| which contained twenty-two additional hymns. Dr. Julian states in his Dictionary that over one-third of Dr. Doddridge’s hymns are in common use at the present time. Twenty-two only are found in this collection:
And will the great, eternal God 663
Awake, my soul! stretch every nerve 396
Beset with snares on every hand 425
Do not I love thee, O my Lord 338
Eternal Source of every joy 715
Father of all, thy care we bless 670
God of my life, though all my days 322
Grace! ’tis a charming sound 288
Hark, the glad sound! the Saviour 108
How gentle God’s commands 100
How rich thy bounty, King of kings 224
How swift the torrent rolls 580
Jesus, my Lord, how rich thy grace 406
Let Zion’s watchmen all awake 223
Lord of the Sabbath, hear our vows 73
My gracious Lord, I own thy right 326
O happy day, that fixed my choice 312
See Israel’s gentle Shepherd stand 230
The King of heaven his table spreads 233
To-morrow, Lord, is thine 253
What though the arm of conquering 592
Ye servants of the Lord 429
Dryden, John, the distinguished English poet, was born at Aldwinkle August 9, 1631. He attended Westminster School and entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1650, taking his A.B. in 1654. He was of Puritan blood, and his first great poem was Heroic Stanzas on the Death of Oliver Cromwell, 1658. Soon after the restoration he became a Royalist, and was made Poet Laureate in 1670. He did not remain, however, in the Church of England, but in 1785 he became a Romanist. He died May 18, 1701.
Creator, Spirit, by whose aid 194
Duffield, George, was born at Carlisle, Pa., September 12, 1818; graduated at Yale in 1837, and at Union Theological Seminary, New York, in 1840; was ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and became a pastor successively, of many of the leading Presbyterian Churches in the North and Northwest — viz., Brooklyn, N. Y., 1840-47; Bloomfield, N. J., 1847-52; Philadelphia, 1852-61; Adrian, Mich., 1861-65; Galesburg, Ill., 1865-69; and at Ann Arbor and Lansing, Mich., 1869-84. He retired from the active work of the ministry in 1884, and settled at Detroit, Mich. He died July 6, 1888, at Bloomfield, N. J., while on a visit to his son’s widow. He was the son of Rev. George Duffield, D.D., the |patriarch of Michigan,| ‘who was born in 1796 and died at Detroit in 1868, and the father of the late Rev. Samuel W. Duffield, D.D., of Bloomfield, N. J., author of English Hymns, Their Authors and History, 1886, and Latin Hymn Writers and Their Hymns, 1889.
Stand up, stand up for Jesus 386
93. Dwight, John Sullivan
Dwight, John Sullivan, a Unitarian minister and musician, was born in Boston May 13, 1813. He entered Harvard College in 1828, and was graduated in 1832. He studied for the ministry at the Harvard Divinity School, and was ordained in 1836 as pastor of the Unitarian Church at Northanipton. In a few years he gave up the ministry and devoted himself to literature and music. In 1852 he established Dwight’s Journal of Music, which he owned and edited for thirty years, making it one of the foremost musical journals of the time. He died September 5, 1893.
God bless our native land 703
94. Dwight, Timothy
Dwight, Timothy, a distinguished Congregational minister and educator, was born at Northampton, Mass., May 14, 1752. His mother was a daughter of Jonathan Edwards. He entered Yale College at the age of thirteen, and, graduating four years later, became a tutor, which position he resigned in 1777 to become chaplain in the Revolutionary army. He next became a pastor at Greenfield, Conn., and in 1795 was elected President of Yale College, and remained in this position until his death, January 11, 1817. He is best known by his theological works, which are numerous and strong and show him to be a moderate Calvinist in faith. In 1800 he prepared and published a revised edition of Watts’s Psalms, which was approved and adopted by the General Association of Connecticut (Congregational). This volume contained several other hymns from various sources, some of which were written by himself. He is the author of about a dozen hymns found in modern Church hymnals. |This is the most important name,| says Prof. F. M. Bird, |in early American hymnology, as it is also one of the most illustrious in American literature and education.|
I love thy kingdom, Lord 208
Shall man, O God of light and life 596
While life prolongs its precious light 254
Edmeston, James, an Englishman, born September 10, 1791. He was educated as an architect and surveyor, and practiced these callings until his death, January 7, 1867. He was a member of the Church of England. Edmeston wrote nearly two thousand hymns, mostly for children. Some of them have been very popular. Between 1817 and 1847 he was the author of twelve small volumes composed of hymns and other short poems on religious subjects.
Saviour, breathe an evening blessing 55
Ela, David Hough, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was born in Canaan, Me., in 1831. He was converted in childhood, and joined the Church at the age of nine years. While yet a youth he learned the trade of printing and that of a machinist also. In 1854 he became a student and Christian worker in Wesleyan University, from which he graduated with honors in 1857. He was a successful pastor and presiding elder in the Methodist Episcopal Church in New England for many years. Cornell College gave him the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1876. His death took place October 7, 1907.
The chosen three on mountain height 129
Ellerton, John, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born in London December 16, 1826. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating in 1849. From 1850 till his death, June 15, 1893, he filled various positions in the Church of England as vicar and rector, being appointed Canon of St. Albans in 1892. He was the author of some prose writings, but is best known as a hymnologist. His contributions to hymnody are not numerous — about fifty original hymns and ten translations. Many of these are in common use, and a few are of special value. Dr. Julian says of his hymns: |His verse is elevated in tone, devotional in spirit, and elegant in diction.| He published his Hymns for Schools and Bible Classes in 1859, and in 1871, in connection with Bishop How, Church Hymns. His Notes and Illustrations of Church Hymns, 1881, was a valuable popular contribution to hymnology.
Behold us, Lord, a little space 394
Saviour, again to thy dear name we 38
The day thou gavest, Lord, is ended 60
Welcome, happy morning, age to 166
Elliott, Charlotte, one of the sweetest though saddest of Christian singers, was the daughter of Charles Elliott, of Clapham and Brighton, England, and the granddaughter of Rev. Henry Venn, an eminent Church of England divine of apostolic character and labors. She was born March 18, 1789. Reared amid refined, cultured Christian surroundings, she developed at quite an early age a passion for music and art. She was unusually well educated. From her thirty-second year until her death, which occurred September 22, 1871, in her eighty-third year, she was a confirmed invalid and oftentimes a great sufferer. She was a member of the Church of England. Her hymns have in them a tenderness and sweetness born of suffering and resignation. Although an invalid, she did a large amount of literary work in her lifetime, publishing several volumes. Her Invalid’s Hymn Book was published in various editions from 1834 to 1854, and contained altogether one hundred and fifteen of her hymns. Other poetic volumes by her containing hymns were: Hours of Sorrow, 1836; Hymns for a Week, 1839; Thoughts in Verse on Sacred Subjects, 1869. Her hymns number about one hundred and fifty, a large percentage of which, according to Julian’s Dictionary, are in common use. |Her verse is characterized by tenderness of feeling, plaintive simplicity, deep devotion, and perfect rhythm. For those in sickness and sorrow she has sung as few others have done.| It is doubtful if any hymn written in the past century is more widely sung and popular the world over than |Just as I am, without one plea.| Miss Elliott shrank from publicity, nearly all her books being published in the first instance anonymously.
Christian, seek not yet repose 494
Just as I am, without one plea 272
O holy Saviour, Friend unseen 478
My God, is any hour so sweet 501
My God, my Father, while I 521, 736
Elliott, Emily Elizabeth Steele, an Englishwoman, a daughter of the Rev. Edward B. Elliott and a niece of Miss Charlotte Elliott, was born at Brighton July 22, 1836. She published Chimes of Consecration, a volume of seventy original hymns, in 1873, and Chimes for Daily Service, seventy-one hymns, in 1880. A few of her hymns have obtained wide acceptance. She edited the Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor for several years. She died at Mildmay, London, August 3, 1897.
Thou didst leave thy throne 122
Esling, Catherine Harbison, who first wrote and published poems under her maiden name (Waterman), was born in Philadelphia April 12, 1812. In 1840 she married Captain George J. Esling, of the Merchant Marine, and resided from that date till the death of her husband, in 1844, at Rio de Janeiro, after which she returned to Philadelphia. In 1850 her poems were collected and published under the title The Broken Bracelet and Other Poems. She was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, where she died in 1897.
Come unto me when shadows darkly 462
Evans, William Edwin, a clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was born in Baltimore July 11, 1851; was converted in early life and joined the Methodist Church; educated at Randolph-Macon College, which he entered in 1869. He was licensed to preach in 1870, and joined the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in 1872, but was immediately transferred to the Virginia Conference. After filling various appointments in this Conference, he transferred his Church relationship in 1892 to the Protestant Episcopal Church. Dr. Evans is at present rector of an Episcopal Church in Birmingham, Ala.
Come, O thou God of grace 661
Everest, Charles William, an Episcopal clergyman, was born at East Windsor, Conn., May 27, 1814; graduated at Trinity College, Hartford, in 1838; was ordained priest in 1842, and became at once rector of the parish of Hampden, near New Haven, Conn., where he remained for thirty-one years. He died at Waterbury, Conn., January 11, 1877, being at the time an officer in the Society for the Increase of the Ministry. His volume is titled Visions of Death and Other Poems, 1833.
|Take up thy cross,| the Saviour 433
Faber, Frederick William, was born in Yorkshire, England, June 28, 1814. He was of Huguenot origin. He was educated at Harrow School and Balliol College, Oxford, which he entered in 1832. At Oxford he came under the influence of the Rev. John Henry Newman, then vicar of St. Mary’s. He entered the ministry of the Church of England, taking deacon’s orders in 1837 and priest’s orders two years later. Most of his time for the next four years was spent in traveling on the Continent, where he further developed his leaning toward Romanism. On his return to England he became rector of Elton, where he was popular and highly useful. Sunday evening, September 16, 1845, he told his people that he could no longer remain in communion with the Church of England. The next day he was admitted into the Roman Catholic Church at Northampton. In April, 1849, he went to London and took charge of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, where he remained until his death, September 26, 1863. In the preface to the 1849 edition of his Hymns he wrote: |It seemed then in every way desirable that Catholics should have a hymn book for reading. which should contain the mysteries of the faith in easy verse or different states of heart and conscience depicted with the same unadorned simplicity, for example, as the ‘O for a closer walk with God’ of the Olney Hymns.| It was to satisfy this need that Dr. Faber wrote his hymns, and he not only succeeded in large measure in his undertaking to give Roman Catholics good modern hymns, but he wrote many which have had a wide circulation among Protestant Churches. It has been found necessary, however, to eliminate objectionable Romish expressions from many of his hymns in order to adapt them to use in Protestant worship.
Faith of our fathers! living still 415
Hark, hark, my soul! angelic songs 621
I worship thee, most gracious God 480
My God, how wonderful thou art 86
O come and mourn with me awhile 152
O God, thy power is wonderful 87
O how the thought of God attracts 363
O it is hard to work for God 442
O Paradise! O Paradise 622
There’s a wideness in God’s mercy 98
Workman of God! O lose not heart 392
Fabricius, Jacob, a chaplain in the army of Gustavus Adolphus, was born in 1593, and died in 1654. There is some doubt as to the authorship of the hymn here credited to him. Some hymnologists have attributed it to Johann Michael Altenburg (1584-1640), a preacher, teacher, and musician of Erfurt, and others attribute it to Gustavus Adolphus.
Fear not, O little flock, the foe 445
Farrar, Frederick William, a distinguished divine of the Church of England, was the son of Rev. C. P. Farrar, a missionary to India, and was born in Bombay, India, August 7, 1831. He had the best educational opportunities that England could furnish; received the degree of B.A. at the University of London, and then passed to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated with high honors in 1854. He took orders the same year and served in various positions. In 1876 he was made a Canon of Westminster Abbey and rector of St. Margaret’s Church. Dr. Farrar became Dean of Canterbury in 1895, and died there March 22, 1903. As a preacher and lecturer he was a man of first rank. He was the author of many books. The best known perhaps are his Life of Christ and Life and Work of St. Paul.
In the field with their flocks abiding 117
Fawcett, John, a Baptist divine of England, was born at Lidget Green, near Bradford, Yorkshire, January 6, 1739. He was converted under the preaching of Whitefield in 1755 and fellowshiped with the Methodists until 1758, when he joined the Baptist Church at Bradford. In 1765 he became pastor of the Baptist Church at Wainsgate; and although he received many flattering calls to go elsewhere, he remained here, or in the neighborhood at least, living on a pitifully small salary, until his death, July 25, 1817. He was an honored and useful minister of the gospel. He published many volumes on religious subjects, his poetic publications being: Poetic Essays, 1767; The Christian’s Humble Plea, a Poem in Answer to Dr. Priestly (a Unitarian), 1772; The Death of Eumenio, a Divine Poem, 1779; The Reign of Death, 1780; Hymns Adapted to the Circumstances of Public Worship and Private Devotion, Leeds, 1782. He wrote altogether one hundred and sixty-six hymns. Most of these hymns were written in the midnight hours of Saturday nights, and, like those of Dr. Doddridge, were composed especially to be sung at the conclusion of his sermons on the Sabbath following.
Blest be the tie that binds 556
How precious is the book divine 201
Lord, dismiss us with thy blessing 39
Religion is the chief concern 314
Sinners, the voice of God regard 246
Findlater, Sarah Borthwick, daughter of James Borthwick of Edinburgh and wife of Rev. Eric John Findlater of Lochearnhead, Perthshire, was born November 26, 1823, and died May 2, 1886. She is joint translator with her sister, Jane Borthwick, of the well-known volumes titled Hymns from the Land of Luther.
God calling yet! shall I not hear 252
O happy home, where Thou art 671
Fortunatus, Venantius, a Latin poet, was born in Italy about the year 530. He was past middle life when he entered the ministry. In 599 he was appointed Bishop of Portiers, but died soon after, about 609. Some of his hymns have a great reputation in the Roman Catholic Church. The most famous is the passion hymn, Pange, lingua, gloriosi, proelium certaminis, which has been translated by Neale and others.
Welcome, happy morning 166
Francis, Benjamin, an English Baptist minister, born in Wales in 1734. He united with the Baptist Church at fifteen years of age, and began preaching when only nineteen. He was educated at the Bristol Baptist College. After a brief ministry at Sodbury, he accepted a call to the Baptist Church at Shortwood in 1757, and remained there until his death, December 14, 1799. An earnest and popular preacher and indefatigable worker, he received flattering calls from London and elsewhere, but refused them all in deep devotion to his flock at Shortwood, He published several small volumes of poetry, among them two volumes of Welsh hymns, 1774 and 1786. Five of his hymns were published in Rippon’s Selection, 1787. Joseph Grigg’s well-known hymn beginning, |Jesus, and shall it ever be,| owes its present popular form to Francis.
Great King of glory, come 656
Jesus, and shall it ever be 443
Praise the Saviour, all ye nations 649
Freckelton, Thomas Wesley, an English Unitarian, for several years pastor of Unity Church, Islington, was born in 1827, and died in 1903. These are all the facts we have at present concerning the author of one of our most useful hymns on Christian service. Other facts, it is hoped, will be learned in time to be inserted in later editions of this volume.
The toil of brain, or heart, or hand 414
Gerhardt, Paul, a distinguished Lutheran minister, and, next to Luther, the most popular hymn writer of Germany, was born in Saxony March 12, 1607. He matriculated as a student at the University of Wittenberg January 2, 1628, and seems to have resided in Wittenberg until 1642 or 1643, when he went to Berlin, where he became a tutor in the family of the advocate, Andreas Barthold, whose daughter he married in 1655. In the meantime he had begun to preach, and on November 18, 1651, he was ordained as chief pastor at Mittenwalde, near Berlin. Several of his hymns were published in 1653 in the Berlin Hymn Book, and later in other collections in Brandenburg and Saxony; and became at once very popular with the people. In 1657 he was appointed to the large and influential Church of St. Nicholas, in Berlin, where he preached to large crowds and was happy and useful in his ministry until ejected in 1666 by the edict of the Elector Frederick William, which was designed to make all preaching conform to the Reformed (Calvinistic) faith, and to which edict Gerhardt, believing in an unlimited atonement, refused to conform. As a consequence he was ejected and suffered many and great hardships. In 1669 he was appointed archdeacon of Lubben, in Saxony. He died June 7, 1676. His hymns number only one hundred and twenty-three, of which number about fifty are in common use.
Commit thou all thy griefs 435
Give to the winds thy fears 437
Holy Ghost, dispel our sadness 192
Jesus, thy boundless love to me 333
O sacred Head, now wounded 151
Gibbons, Thomas, an English Independent clergyman, was born at Reak, near Newmarket, May 31, 1720; was a friend of Dr. Watts, and wrote his memoir. In 1743 he accepted a call to a Church in Cheapside, London, and held this pastorate up to his death, February 22, 1785. Dr. Gibbons published a volume of sermons and two volumes of hymns of more than average merit titled Hymns Adapted to Divine Worship, 1769 and 1784.
Great God, the nations of the earth 645
When Jesus dwelt in mortal clay 695
Gilder, Richard Watson, a distinguished editor and author, the son of Rev. William Henry Gilder, a Methodist minister, was born at Bordentown, N. J., February 8, 1844; educated at his father’s seminary at Flushing, Long Island, and later studied Greek and Hebrew under the eminent scholar, Dr. James Strong. He was a private in the Civil War in 1863, and in railroad service in 1864-65, after which he took up literary and editorial work, first on daily papers at Newark, N. J., and then on Hours at Home, a New York monthly. In 1870 he became managing editor of Scribner’s Monthly and later its editor in chief, retaining this position after it became the Century Magazine (1881). He was connected with various literary and social reform clubs. He is the author of numerous volumes of poetry. He received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from several of the leading universities of America in recognition of his scholarly attainments and splendid service to American literature. He died November 19, 1909.
To thee, eternal Soul, be praise 14
Gill, Thomas Hornblower, an English layman, was born in Birmingham February 10, 1819, and died in 1906. He prepared for the University of Oxford, but could not enter because, having been trained in Unitarian principles, he could not subscribe to the Articles of the Church of England, as was then required. Later he left the Unitarian Church. He wrote about two hundred hymns. Most of them were collected in his Golden Chain of Praise, London, 1869. He was an original hymnist, and had some very correct ideas as to what a hymn should be. In his preface he said: |Hymns are not meant to be theological statements, expositions of doctrine, or enunciations of precepts; they are utterances of the soul in its manifold moods of hope and fear, joy and sorrow, love, wonder, and aspiration. . . . Hymns are meant and made to be sung. The best and most glorious hymns cannot be more exactly defined than as divine love songs.|
Break, newborn year, on glad eyes 572
Lord, when I all things would 343
Not only when ascends the song 520
Gilman, Samuel, a Unitarian minister, born at Gloucester, Mass., February 16, 1791. He graduated at Harvard University in 1811, and was a tutor there in 1817-19. From 1819 to 1858 he was pastor of the Unitarian Church at Charleston, S. C. His death occurred at Kingston, Mass., February 9, 1858. He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Harvard in 1837. He was the author of a volume of prose and poetry titled Contributions to Literature, 1856.
This child we dedicate to thee 232
Gilmore, Joseph Henry, a Baptist minister, the son of Gov. Joseph A. Gilmore, was born in Boston April 29, 1834; entered Brown University in 1854, and was graduated with high honors in 1858. The same year he entered Newton Theological Seminary, graduating in 1861. He was ordained in 1862 as pastor of a Baptist Church in Fisherville, N. H. In 1863 and 1864 he was the private secretary to his father, at that time Governor of New Hampshire. He was pastor of the Second Baptist Church at Rochester, N. Y., in 1865-67, and acting Professor of Hebrew in Rochester Theological Seminary in 1867-68. In 1868 he became Professor of Logic, Rhetoric, and English Literature in the University of Rochester, a position which at this writing (1911) he still retains as Professor Emeritus, having only recently retired from active work. Dr. Gilmore is the author of some half dozen or more published volumes on the subjects to which he has devoted his life as a teacher, his latest volume being Outlines of English and American Literature, 1905.
He leadeth me, O blessèd thought 489
Gladden, Washington, a distinguished Congregational minister and author, son of Solomon Gladden, was born at Pottsgrove, Pa., February 11, 1836. Reared on a farm near Oswego, N. Y., and educated in a country district school and at Oswego Academy, he first learned the printer’s trade and later entered Williams College, from which he graduated in 1859. He was licensed to preach in 1860. He was successively pastor of Congregational Churches in Brooklyn, N. Y., 1860; Morrisania, N. Y., 1861-66; North Adams, Mass., 1866-71; Springfield, Mass., 1875-82; and from 1882 to the present date (1911) he has been pastor of the First Congregational Church of Columbus, Ohio, where he now resides. From 1871 to 1875 he was on the editorial staff of the New York Independent, and later, while pastor at Springfield, he was editor of the weekly periodical, Sunday Afternoon. Dr. Gladden is one of the most widely known and influential pastors, preachers, lecturers, and religious writers in America. In deep sympathy with the masses and the working people, his voice and pen have long been exercised in the work of social reform. He is the author of about thirty widely read volumes on religious, ethical, and social subjects, among which may be mentioned: Plain Thoughts on the Art of Living, 1868; Workingmen and Their Employers, 1876; The Young Men and the Churches, 1885; Applied Christianity, 1887; Who Wrote the Bible? 1891; The Church and the Kingdom, 1894; Ruling Ideas of the Present Age, 1895; The Christian Pastor, 1898; Social Salvation, 1901; Christianity and Socialism, 1905; Recollections, 1909.
O Master, let me walk with thee 411
Goode, William, an English clergyman, was born at Buckingham April 2, 1762. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, graduating in 1784. He took orders in the Church of England in 1786. His Works, edited by his son, were published in 1822. He was the author of An Entire New Version of the Book of Psalms, London, 1811, which was somewhat widely used for a time. Most of his versions of the Psalms have fallen out of use. He is represented in this Hymnal by one doxology. He died April 15, 1816.
Great Jehovah! we adore thee 724
Grant, Robert, was born in India in 1785. His father, a stanch and pious Scotchman, was a leading officer of the East India Company, and his brother Charles was Lord Glenelg. He graduated at Cambridge in 1804; was admitted to the bar in 1807, and filled various public official positions; was appointed Governor of Bombay in 1824. He died in India July 9, 1838. He is the author of several volumes on the work of the East India Company and also of twelve hymns which his brother, Lord Glenelg, published the year after his death in a volume titled Sacred Poems. It rarely happens that a man engaged so deeply in public and political life as was Sir Robert Grant finds time and inclination to write Christian hymns. There are very few hymns of adoration and worship in the entire collection that surpass his hymn beginning: |O worship the King.|
By thy birth, and by thy tears 280
Lord of earth, thy forming hand 469
O worship the King 106
Saviour, when, in dust, to thee 500
The starry firmament on high 203
When gathering clouds around 134
Greg, Samuel, an English layman, born at Manchester September 6, 1804. He died May 14, 1877. He was educated at Edinburgh University, and later became a mill owner. He was the author of Scenes from the Life of Jesus, 1854, in which some of his short poems appeared. Some addresses given by him to his workmen at Bollington were published in 1877 as A Layman’s Legacy, for which volume Dean Stanley wrote the preface. He wrote only a few hymns. He was a member of the Church of England.
Slowly, slowly dark’ning 464
Grigg, Joseph, an English Presbyterian minister, was born in 1720. He was the son of poor parents and brought up to mechanical pursuits. He began writing hymns when he was only ten years old. He entered the ministry in 1743, and became an assistant to Rev. Thomas Bures, pastor of the Silver Street Presbyterian Church, London. He continued here only four years, when he married a woman of wealth and settled at St. Albans. He retired from the active work of the ministry at this time, but did much literary work thereafter, his published works numbering about forty. He died at Walthamstow, Essex, October 29, 1768. Two of his volumes were titled Miscellanies on Moral and Religious Subjects, 1756, and Four Hymns on Divine Subjects Wherein the Patience and Love of Our Divine Saviour Is Displayed, 1765. In 1806 his hymns were collected and published; and again in 1861, nearly a century after his death, a second edition of his hymns was published by Dr. Sedgwick. Only two of his forty-three hymns are found generally in modern hymnals.
Behold, a Stranger at the door 249
Jesus, and shall it ever be 443
Gurney, Dorothy Frances, the daughter of the late Rev. F. G. Blomfield, rector of St. Andrew’s Undershaft, London, and granddaughter of Dr. Blomfield, Bishop of London, was born at Finsbury Circus October 4, 1858. The |marriage hymn| found in this volume was written before the author’s marriage to Mr. Gerald Gurney, whose father, Rev. A. T. Gurney, is author of several meritorious hymns. Mrs. Gurney is now living in England, but we do not know her present address.
O perfect Love, all human thought 668
123. Gustavus Adolphus
Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, is justly regarded as one of the greatest and noblest figures in history. He was born at Stockholm in 1594; was slain in the battle of Lützen November 6, 1632. His father died in 1611, and Gustavus ascended the throne of Sweden in his eighteenth year. In the Thirty Years’ War, which began in 1618, he was hailed as the champion of Protestantism, and his untimely death at the age of thirty-eight years was an unspeakable loss to that cause. His armies were distinguished for bravery, discipline, and morality. Robbery and license were not allowed. Morning and evening the soldiers gathered around their regimental chaplains for prayer. On the morning of the battle of Lützen it is said the army sang Gustavus’s battle bymn, |Fear not, O little flock, the foe.| Such an army was a novelty in the history of war.
Fear not, O little flock, the foe 445
Guyon, Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte, an eminent mystic writer of the seventeenth century, was born at Montargis, France, April 13, 1648. Her father, Claude Bouvier, was the Lord Proprietor of La Motte Vergonville. She was religiously inclined from her youth and desired to enter a convent; but her parents prevented this by giving her in marriage in her sixteenth year to Jacques Guyon, a man twenty-two years her senior and in every way uncongenial. Am unhappy married life of twelve years terminated in the death of her husband in 1676, leaving her three children, to whose education and to the care of her estate she now devoted herself. She later devoted herself to religious works and to writing on her peculiar views of spiritual religion. Her published volumes soon brought on her the persecution of the Roman Catholic Church. She was twice imprisoned, the first imprisonment lasting eight months and the second seven years, ending in the Bastile. After her release she lived with her children and continued her writings. Most of her hymns were written during this imprisonment. Thirty-seven of the choicest of her hymns were translated by Cowper. She was a strong believer in the witness of the Spirit, perfect faith, and perfect love. She died June 9, 1717, in her seventieth year. Deeply religious, enthusiastic and impassioned In the advocacy of her views, whether by tongue or pen, persecuted by enemies, and ardently loved by friends, she was one of the most remarkable women in the entire range of religious biography. Though criticized and persecuted by Romanists through well-nigh her whole life, she heard mass daily and died in full communion with the Church of Rome. Her published works fill forty volumes.
My Lord, how full of sweet content 518
Friend of sinners, Lord of glory 130
Hammond, William, a Moravian minister of England, was born at Battle, Sussex, January 6, 1719. He graduated at Cambridge in 1739. He was converted in 1740. He joined the Calvinistic Methodists in 1743, and began to preach. Two years later he united with the Moravians, and continued with them until his death. He died in London August 19, 1783, leaving an autobiography in Greek which has never been published. In 1744 he published a volume titled Medulla Ecclesiae, which was considered of sufficient value and interest to be republished in England in 1779 and also in America in 1816 under the title The Marrow of the Church. In 1745 he published a volume of Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, containing 161 original hymns, which are said to have been |much above the hymnology of the period.| He was associated with John Cennick, author of |Children of the heavenly King.| About twelve of his hymns are in common use.
Lord, we come before thee now 35
Hankey, Katherine, is known to the public as the author of two of the most popular of modern hymns, She published The Old, Old Story in 1866, The Old, Old Story and Other Verses in 1879, and Heart to Heart in 1870. Many editions of these small books were sold, and some of her hymns have been translated into many languages. They are full of sweetness and faith. Miss Hankey is said to be the daughter of an English banker. The date of her birth we have not been able to learn. We hope to be able to present later additional facts concerning the life of the author of the very popular hymn which here bears her name. The hymn beginning, |Tell me the old, old story,| is scarcely less popular than its companion hymn here given.
I love to tell the story 544
Hart, Joseph, a Congregational minister of England, was born in 1712 of pious parents. He was well educated, and was for many years a teacher of the classics. In early life he was pious, but relapsed into sin and exerted a most pernicious influence upon all with whom he associated. While in this backslidden state he wrote a pamphlet titled The Unreasonableness of Religion, Being Remarks and Animadversions on the Rev. John Wesley’s Sermon on Romans viii.32. But he was deeply convicted in his fortieth year, and betook himself to daily prayer and to reading the Scriptures. It was not, however, until he attended a service at the Moravian church in Fetter Lane, London, on Whitsunday, 1757, that he obtained peace. He now became an earnest and consecrated Christian, and many of his best hymns were written within the next two years following his conversion. His Hymns Composed on Various Subjects, with the Author’s Experience were published in several editions during his lifetime (first edition, 1759) and subsequent to his death. This volume led to his being importuned to become a preacher, which he did, although in his forty-eighth year, becoming pastor of an Independent congregation in Jewin Street, London, to which he ministered for eight years, |great crowds gathering to hear his fervid and eloquent discourses.| He died May 24, 1768, in the midst of labors and successes almost unprecedented, his funeral being attended by twenty thousand people. Of his volume of Hymns a competent judge said: |Herein the doctrines of the gospel are illustrated so practically, the precepts of the Word enforced so evangelically, and their effects stated so experimentally that with propriety it may be styled a treasury of doctrinal, practical, and experimental divinity.| One of the author’s sons, who attained remarkable success as a barrister, was made a baronet by George IV., and was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland.
Come, ye sinners, poor and needy 259
O for a glance of heavenly day 274
Once more we come before our God 33
Prayer is appointed to convey 502
Hastings, Thomas, editor, author, and Doctor of Music, was born at Washington, Conn., October 15, 1784. In youth he removed with his father to Northern New York, and pubsequently resided in New York City. He edited and largely contributed to the following works: Spiritual Songs, 1832; Christian Psalmist, 1836; The Mother’s Hymn Book, 1849; and Devotional Hymns and Religious Poems, 1850; and he was also the editor of a number of music books. He died in New York May 15, 1872. |His aim,| says Prof. F. M. Bird, |was the greater glory of God through better musical worship; and to this end he, was always training choirs, compiling works, and composing music.|
Come, Ye disconsolate (Moore) 526
Gently, Lord, O gently lead us 319
Hatch, Edwin, a Church of England clergyman, was born at Derby September 4, 1835. He graduated at Oxford in 1857. After spending some years in Canada, he returned to England and became in 1867 vice principal of St. Mary’s Hall, Oxford. He delivered the Bampton Lectures in 1881 on |The Origin of Early Christian Churches.| He was rector of Purleigh from 1883 till his death, November 10, 1889. His hymns and other poems were published in a posthumous volume titled Towards Fields of Light, 1890.
Breathe on me, Breath of God 196
Hatfield, Edwin Francis, a prominent clergyman of the Presbyterian Church, was born at Elizabethtown, N. J., January 9, 1807; was graduated at Middlebury College, and studied theology at Andover. He was ordained in 1832. He was a Pastor in St. Louis three years; in New York (Seventh Church) twenty-one years; and of North Church, in the same city, seven years. Failing health compelled him to give up the pastorate. Dr. Hatfield was an able writer and a useful man. He died at Summit, N. J., September 22, 1883. He is the author of a valuable and well-known volume titled The Poets of the Church, being a series of biographical sketches of hymn writers, with notes on their hymns. it was published in 1884, the year after his death.
To God, the Father, Son 727
Another year is dawning 571
From glory unto glory 573
Golden harps are sounding 175
I could not do without thee 353
Lord, speak to me that I may speak 410
Take my life, and let it be 348
Tell it out among the nations 634
True-hearted, whole-hearted 420
Haweis, Hugh Reginald, an eminent author and clergyman of the Church of England, son of Rev. J. W. O. Haweis, canon of Chichester, was born in 1838 at Egham, Surrey. He graduated at Cambridge in 1861. For many years before his death he was incumbent of St. James’s, Marylebone, London. He was a skilled musician, and drilled and led his own choir of boys and men. He was the author of many volumes, among them My Musical Life, 1886, and Music and Morals, 1871 (fifteenth edition, 1888). He was for a time editor of Cassell’s Magazine. He died in 1901. It is very doubtful whether Dr. Haweis is properly credited with the hymn here attributed to him.
The Homeland! O the Homeland 615
Hawker, Robert, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Exeter, England, in 1753, and was educated for the medical profession, becoming a doctor of medicine. After taking holy orders, he became incumbent of a Church in Plymouth, and remained there until his death, April 6, 1827. He was noted as a polemical preacher and writer, and also as the author and compiler of one of the earliest and most popular of the hymn books for children called forth by the Sunday school movement. His Psalms and Hymns Sung by the Sunday School (published about 1787) passed through thirteen editions. His most famous hymn is the doxology found in this Hymnal:
Lord, dismiss us with thy blessing 723
Hawks, Annie Sherwood, has written a number of hymns, some of them very popular, but no other so widely useful as |I need thee every hour,| found in this book. Mrs. Hawks was born in Hoosick, N. Y., May 28, 1835. For many years she resided in Brooklyn, N. Y., where this hymn was written in 1872. She was a member of the Baptist Church in Brooklyn, of which Rev. Robert Lowry, the musical composer and hymn writer, was pastor. We hope to be able to supplement these brief facts at some later time with additional information concerning the author of this popular hymn.
I need thee every hour 506
Hay, John, the late Secretary of State under Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt, was a poet as well as a diplomat and statesman. He was born at Salem, Ind., October 8, 1838; graduated in 1858 at Brown University; entered the legal profession in Illinois, and became private secretary to President Lincoln, which position he resigned to enter the Union army in the Civil War. In the diplomatic service he represented the United States successively at Paris, Madrid, and Vienna; and in 1897-98 he was Ambassador to the Court of St. James. He was First Assistant Secretary of State in 1879-81, and in 1898 he was called home from England to fill the most responsible office in the government, excepting only that of the chief executive, being Secretary of State from 1898 until his death, July 1, 1905. In addition to a voluminous life of Abraham Lincoln in ten volumes (in connection with J. G. Nicolay), 1887, he published Castilian Days, 1871; Pike County Ballads, 1871; and Poems, 1890. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church. Three of his poems are used as hymns in modern Church hymnals. His hymn on |Sinai and Calvary| is possessed of more than ordinary merit, and shows that a great statesman may rightly estimate the moral value and lessons of both the law and the gospel.
Defend us, Lord, from every ill 403
Hayward. It is to be regretted that nothing is known of the author of the beautiful hymn beginning |Welcome, delightful morn,| except that his name is given as |Hayward| is Dobell’s New Selection of Evangelical Hymns, published in 1806. It is possible, but not probable, that some facts may yet come to light bearing upon the authorship of this hymn, now more than a century old.
Welcome, delightful morn 67
Hearn, Marianne, was born at Farningham, Kent, England, December 17, 1834; and died at Barmouth March 16, 1909. She was a member of the Baptist Church. She was on the editorial staff of the religious periodical called the Christian World, and was also editor of the Sunday School Times (of England). She wrote under the nom de plume of |Marianne Farningham.| She published volumes titled: Lays and Lyrics of the Blessed Life, 1861; Poems, 1865; Morning and Evening Hymns for the Week, 1870; Song of Sunshine, 1878; and Harvest Gleanings and Gathered Fragments, 1903. She is most widely known as the author of a popular hymn sung by Mr. Ira D. Sankey, titled |Waiting and Watching for Me.| At her death she was one of the most greatly beloved and honored women in the Baptist Church in England.
We hope in thee, O Lord 328
Heath, George, an Englishman, was born about 1745. He was the pastor of a Presbyterian Church at Honiton, Devon, in 1770; died in 1822. He was the author of Hymns and Poetic Essays Sacred to the Public and Private Worship of the Deity, and to Religious and Christian Improvement, Bristol, 1781. According to Hatfield, Duffield, and other authorities, Heath |proved unworthy of his office as a Presbyterian pastor and lost his position by bad conduct.| He later, it seems, became a Unitarian minister. |It is a striking commentary on his hymn,| says Duffield, |that its author should have failed in the very mode against which his stirring trumpet blast ought effectually to have warned him. But let us be charitable and hope that this was one of the fruits of true repentance, for the hymn was published in 1781.|
My soul, be on thy guard 493
Heber, Reginald a bishop of the Church of England, was born at Malpas April 21, 1783. He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, where he early took the prize for both Latin and English poems; ordained in 1807, and became rector at Hodnet. He was Missionary Bishop of Calcutta from 1823 until his death, April 3, 1826. He was a man of learning and piety. He was Bampton lecturer in 1815. His hymns are among the most popular in the language. They were collected and published the year after his death under the title Hymns Written and Adapted to the Weekly Church Service of the Year, 1827. All of Bishop Heber’s hymns were written while he was at Hodnet. He tried in 1820 to secure from Archbishop Manners Sutton and the Bishop of London official episcopal authorization for the use of his manuscript hymns in the Church, but they declined to grant it. But the whole Christian world has done what the prelates of the Church would not do. His authorship of our most popular missionary hymn and his early and pathetic death as Missionary Bishop of India have made his name |as ointment poured forth| in the annals of modern Christian missions.
Bread of the world in mercy broken 238
Brightest and best of the sons of the 114
By cool Siloam’s shady rill 678
From Greenland’s icy mountains 655
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God 78
The Son of God goes forth to war 416
Hedge, Frederick Henry, a Unitarian divine, professor and author of note, was born at Cambridge, Mass., December 12, 1805. He graduated at Harvard College in 1825, and at the Theological School, Cambridge, in 1828. For a number of years he was the pastor of Unitarian Churches. In 1857 he became Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the Divinity School, and in 1872 Professor of German Literature at Harvard, which place he held many years. In 1853 he and Dr. F. D. Huntingdon (who later became a bishop in the Episcopal Church) prepared a volume titled Hymns for the Church of Christ, for use in Unitarian Churches. Dr. Hedge was for some years one of the editors of the Christian Examiner. His Prose Writers of Germany, 1848, is a standard work. He did much to introduce and popularize German scholarship and literature in this country. Dr. Hedge died at Cambridge August 21, 1890. Of some eight or more hymns and translations by him, we have but one in our Hymnal — a translation — but it is one of the best in the entire collection.
A mighty fortress is our God 101
Herbert, George, a noted English poet and devotedly pious clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Montgomery Castle, Wales, April 3, 1593; was graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge; was a pastor at Layton Ecclesia, in 1626, and at Bemerton from 1630 to his death, in 1632. He occupied his moments of leisure in the cultivation of sacred music. The following hymn is in keeping with the spirit of consecration and the heavenly-mindedness that marked his Christian life:
Teach me, my God and King 417
Herbert, Petrus, a Moravian minister, was ordained in 1562. The date of his birth is not known. He died in 1571. He was one of the editors of the Brethren’s German hymn book, published in 1566, to which he contributed many hymns.
Faith is a living power from 286
Now God be with us, for the night 58
Holden, Oliver, author of |Coronation| and other popular tunes, was born at Shirley, Mass., in 1765. He was originally a carpenter by trade, but became a teacher, composer, and publisher of music at Charlestown, Mass. He published between 1792 and 1802 some eight or ten music books. He wrote also several original hymns. He died at Charlestown, Mass., in 1844. See |Biographical Index of Composers| for further information.
They who seek the throne of grace 515
Holland, Josiah Gilbert, an eminent American editor and author, was born in Belchertown, Mass., July 24, 1819. He was a farmer’s son, and his early educational advantages were poor. He succeeded in attending a high school at Northampton for a time. At the age of twenty-one he began the study of medicine, and graduated with the degree of M.D. at Berkshire Medical College, Pittsfield, Mass., in 1844. A short practice of his profession developed a dislike for it, and he turned to literature. About 1850 he became connected with the Springfield Republican, a position which he held fifteen years. He was a voluminous author. Among his works we find: Timothy Titcomb’s Letters, 1858; Gold Foil, 1859; Life of Abraham Lincoln, 1865; Bitter Sweet, a dramatic poem, 1858; Kathrina, 1867; Arthur Bonnicastle, 1873. In connection with the Scribners in 1870 he founded Scribner’s Monthly, of which periodical he became the editor, and continued in this relation until his death, in New York City, October 12, 1881.
There’s a song in the air 112
Lord of all being, throned afar 82
O Love divine, that stooped to share 457
Thou gracious God whose mercy 669
Hopper, Edward, a Presbyterian minister, born in the city of New York in 1818. He graduated at Now York University in 1839, and studied theology at Union Seminary. For many years he was the popular pastor of the Church of the Sea and Land, in New York. Dr. Hopper died in 1888.
Jesus, Saviour, pilot me 482
Hopps, John Page, an English Unitarian minister, was born in London November 6, 1834; and died at Shepperton-on-Thames April 6, 1911. He was educated at the Baptist College at Leicester, and began his public service as a Baptist minister in 1856 in Leicestershire, and was for a time a colleague of George Dawson in Birmingham. From 1860 to 1876 he served Unitarian congregations at Sheffield, Dukinfield, and Glasgow. His work in Leicester began in 1876. As preacher, as editor of the Truthseeker (1863-87) and of the Coming Day, (1891-1911), and as author of some fifteen or more volumes he exercised an extended influence among English Unitarians. Among his publications are no less than eight volumes of hymns which he compiled, and to which he made original contributions of his own.
We praise thee, Lord, for hours of 550
Hosmer, Frederick Lucian, was born in Framingham, Mass., in 1840; graduated at Harvard College in 1862, and at the Divinity School, Cambridge, in 1869. He has been pastor of Unitarian Churches at Quincy, Ill., 1872-77; Cleveland, Ohio, 1878-92; St. Louis, 1894-99; and later at Berkeley, Cal., where he now resides. He was one of the editors of the Unity Hymns, 1880. In 1908 Dr. Hosmer delivered a course of lectures at Harvard University on |Church Hymnody.| Among his published volumes are: The Way of Life, 1877; The Thought of God in Hymns and Poems (first series, 1885; second series, 1894).
I little see, I little know 450
Not always on the mount may we 477
O thou in all thy might so far 484
Hoss, Elijah Embree, a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was born in Washington County, Tenn., April 14, 1849, being the son of Henry and Anna M. (Sevier) Hoss. He was educated at Ohio Wesleyan University and Emory and Henry College (Virginia). Ordained to the ministry in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in 1870, he was a pastor at Knoxville, Tenn., 1870-72, San Francisco, 1872-74, Asheville, N. C., 1875; professor and President Martha Washington College, Abingdon, Va., 1876-81; Vice President and later President of Emory and Henry College, 1881-85; Professor of Church History in Vanderbilt University, 1885-90; editor Nashville Christian Advocate, 1890-1902; elected bishop at Dallas, Tex., in May, 1902. Residence at Nashville, Tenn.
O God, great Father, Lord, and King 231
How, William Walsham, a bishop of the Church of England, was born at Shrewsbury, England, December 13, 1823; was graduated Bachelor of Arts at Wadham College, Oxford, in 1845. He was ordained to the ministry in 1846, and held various positions in the Church of England before he became bishop, in 1888. He died August 10, 1897. In connection with Rev. T. B. Morrell, he compiled a book of Psalms and Hymns, 1854. He also contributed several hymns to Church Hymns, 1871. His sacred and secular pieces were collected and published in 1886 as Poems and Hymns. Bishop How’s hymns are characterized by a simplicity of manner and a warmth of feeling that have made some of them very popular. Six of them are found in this collection:
For all the saints who from their 430
Lord Jesus, when we stand afar 145
O Jesus, crucified for man 326
O Jesus, thou art standing 282
O Word of God incarnate 200
We give thee but thine own 688
Hunter, William, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was born in Ireland May 26, 1811, and came to America when but a youth. He was graduated at Madison College in 1833. Dr. Hunter was for a number of years Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Literature in Alleghany College. He was editor of the Pittsburg Christian Advocate from 1844 to 1852, and again from 1872 to 1876. He was the author of a large number of hymns, which he published in his Select Melodies (1838-51), Minstrel of Zion (1845), and Songs of Devotion (1860). He was one of the committee of twelve appointed by the General Conference of 1876 to revise the Church hymnal. He died October 18, 1877. His brother, Rev. Andrew Hunter, D.D., was a highly honored and most useful minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and at the time of his death the greatly beloved patriarch of his Church.
My heavenly home is bright and fair 628
Hutton, Frances A., is the English lady who altered two stanzas of James Montgomery’s great hymn beginning: |In the hour of trial.| Mrs. Hutton’s altered edition of Montgomery’s hymn was published in the 1867 Supplement to Hymns for the Church Service, 1862, edited by Prebendary H. W. Hutton, of Lincoln. We have no other facts concerning her life. We hope that we can obtain these facts for a later edition of this volume.
In the hour of trial 431
Ingemann, Bernhardt Severin, a Danish teacher, poet, and novelist, was born on the island of Falster, Denmark, May 28, 1789. He was a Professor of the Danish Language and Literature at the Academy of Sorö, Zealand, Denmark, from 1822 till his death, in 1862. The only hymn by him in common use is that found in this volume; but it possesses more than ordinary merit, and is widely known in its English dress. It brings out very forcibly the brotherhood of man and the expectation of the Christian believer. Seven of his hymns have been translated into English. His collected works were published in thirty-four volumes in 1851.
Through the night of doubt and 567
Irons, William Josiah, a Church of England clergyman, was born at Hoddesdon September 12, 1812; was graduated at Queen’s College, Oxford, Bachelor of Arts, in 1833, and took orders in 1835. Dr. Irons died June 18, 1883. His most valuable prose work was his Bampton Lectures, 1870, on |Christianity as Taught by St. Paul.| He was also the editor or author of several books of hymns. Dr. Julian says of him: |Amongst modern hymn writers Dr. Irons ranks with the first. His hymns have not been largely used outside of his own congregation, but their high excellence, variety of subjects and meters, intense earnestness, powerful grasp of the subject, and almost faultless rhythm must commend them to the notice of hymn book compilers.|
Day of wrath! O day of mourning 747
Sing with all the sons of glory 160
Jacobi, John Christian, a native of Germany, was born in 1670. He was keeper of the Royal German Chapel, St. James’s Palace, London, from 1708 till his death, December 14, 1750. He published in 1720 a volume titled A Collection of Hymns, Translated front the High Dutch. It contained fifteen hymns. Two years later, it was republished in enlarged form under the title Psalmodia Germanica; or, A Specimen of Divine Hymns. Translated from the High Dutch. This edition contained sixty-two hymns. The hymn here given is a translation of one of Paul Gerhardt’s hymns.
Holy Ghost, dispel our sadness 192
157. Jacopone da Todi
Jacopone da Todi, also known as Jacobus de Benedictis, an Italian monk and poet, was born at Todi, in Umbria, early in the thirteenth century. |He was descended from a noble family,| says Julian, |and for some time led a secular life. Some remarkable circumstances which attended the violent death of his wife led him to withdraw himself from the world and to enter the order of St. Francis, in which he remained as a lay brother till his death, at an advanced age, in 1306. His zeal led him to attack the religious abuses of the day. This brought him into conflict with Pope Boniface VIII., the result being his imprisonment for long periods.| His oddities, eccentricities, and extravagances were such as to leave neighbors in doubt as to whether he was of a sound mind. Tradition at Todi, his birthplace, credits him with the authorship of the famous Latin hymn, |Stabat mater dolorosa,| but it is by no means certain that he wrote it.
Near the cross was Mary weeping 154
158. John of Damascus
John of Damascus was the greatest theologian and poet of the Greek Church. His active life belonged to the eighth century, but the exact dates of his birth and death are unknown. His work on theology, Doctrines of the Orthodox Church, is still a standard textbook in the Eastern Church. He was famous as a philosopher and as an opponent of the Iconoclasts of his time. Late in life he was ordained priest of the Church at Jerusalem.
Come, ye faithful, raise the strain 163
The day of resurrection 164
Johnson, E., is known only as the author of the hymn here attributed to him. We shall welcome any information concerning him or his hymn that may be in the possession of any one who may read these lines. The popular tune to which this hymn is sung was composed by William G. Fischer, who found the words in a newspaper. It is to be hoped that some facts concerning Mr. Johnson and his hymn may come to light in time to be incorporated in later editions of this volume. The hymn reads as if it had been called forth by an experience of suffering or sorrow, as if the author had learned in suffering what he teaches in song. It is, as a rule, only when storms and floods come that one flees for refuge to |the Rock that is higher than I.|
O sometimes the shadows are deep 434
Johnson, Samuel, an Independent preacher, was born in Salem, Mass., October 10, 1822; was graduated at Harvard College in 1842, and at Cambridge Divinity School in 1846. In 1853 he established an Independent Church at Lynn, Mass., and continued as its pastor until 1870. Although independent in Church relations, he was associated in the public mind with the Unitarians. He was a man of strong intellect, a voluminous writer, and published many pamphlets and books. In connection with Rev. Samuel Longfellow, he compiled a Book of Hymns, 1846, and Hymns of the Spirit, 1864. He died in 1882. |His contributions to these collections,| says Prof. F. M. Bird, |were less numerous but not less meritorious than those by Mr. Longfellow.|
City of God, how broad and far 209
Jones, Edmund, an English Baptist minister, son of Rev. Philip Jones, was born in 1722 in Gloucestershire; educated at the Baptist College at Bristol; was ordained pastor of the Baptist Church at Exeter, Devonshire, in 1743; died April 15, 1765. The Church at Exeter, like many Baptist Churches at that day, was opposed to |the service of song| in public worship, but it is not a matter of surprise that the author of so excellent a hymn as the following should have wrought a complete revolution in their sentiments regarding this feature of divine worship. in 1760 he published a volume titled Sacred Poems.
Come, humble sinner, in whose 260
Julian, John, an eminent English clergyman, was born at St. Agnes, in Cornwall, January 27, 1839; was educated privately; took orders in the Church of England in 1866; was vicar of Wincobanck, 1876-1905; since 1905, vicar of Topcliff. He received M.A. from Durham University, 1887; D.D. from Lambeth, 1894; LL.D. from Howard University, Washington, 1894. Dr. Julian was editor in chief of the Dictionary of Hymnology, published in London and New York in 1892. A second edition of this great and invaluable work, with a new supplement, was published in 1907. This Dictionary is the most important work ever published in English hymnology. It is a truly monumental work, and to it all who now study or write in the department of hymnology must go for information not to be found in any other volume. Dr. Julian has also published volumes titled: Concerning Hymns, 1874; History of the Use of Hymns in Public Worship, and Their Proper Characteristics, 1894; Carols, Ancient and Modern, 1900. He is the author of several hymns and translations found in English hymnals. A few years ago he presented his large collection of hymnological books and manuscripts to the Church House, Dean’s Yard, London, where it forms the hymnological department of the library.
O God of God! O Light of Light 15
Keble, John, author of The Christian Year, was the son of a clergyman of the same name belonging to the Church of England, and was born April 25, 1792. He was graduated at Oxford in 1810, and was ordained in 1815. In 1827 he published his well-known volume, The Christian Year, ninety-six editions of which appeared before his death. In 1831 he was elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford. A sermon preached by him on |National Apostacy| has been regarded as he real origin of the |tractarian movement in 1833.| He wrote eight of the |Tracts for the Times.| He was a pronounced High-Churchman. He was a contributor to the Lyra Apostolica, and in 1834 he united with Drs. Newman and Pusey in editing the Library of the Fathers. He was the author of several volumes, among them A Metrical Version of the Psalms, 1839, and Lyra Innocentium, 1846. He died March 29, 1866.
Blest are the pure in heart 360
New every morning is the love 42
Sun of my soul, thou Saviour dear 47
Keen, R., was a leader of music in the Baptist Church in London, of which Dr. John Rippon (1751-1836) was pastor, and in whose volume titled A Selection of Hymns from the Best Authors, 1787, the hymn beginning |How firm a foundation| was first published. The tune accompanying this hymn was composed by R. Keen (also spelled |Keene| in some collections), and the letter |K| is signed to the hymn. In a Baptist Collection of Hymns published by Dr. A. Fletcher in 1822 the signature at the end of the hymn is |Kn,| and in the 1835 edition of Fletcher’s Collection it is given as |Keen.| Dr. Fletcher was assisted in the preparation of his hymn book by Thomas Walker, who was the compiler of the Tune Book accompanying Dr. Rippon’s Selection, and who therefore not only knew Keen, but also knew, we may safely infer, what the |K| stood for at the end of this now famous hymn. Dr. Rippon was also living in 1835, when Fletcher and Walker assigned this hymn to Keen. Putting all these facts together, it is not strange that Dr. Julian and other hymnologists have reached the conclusion that this hymn should be assigned to Keen and not to Kirkham (as in modern editions of Rippon’s Selection, published since Dr. Rippon’s death) or to George Keith, as was done by Daniel Sedgwick and others, acting wholly in doing so on the questionable testimony of an old woman in an almshouse. In view of these facts, we feel justified in giving Keen a place among the hymn writers of the Church. We await the discovery of information concerning him.
How firm a foundation, ye saints of 461
Hark, ten thousand harps and voices 177
Look, ye saints, the sight is glorious 169
On the mountain’s top appearing 647
The head that once was crowned 173
The Lord is risen indeed 157
Zion stands with hills surrounded 212
Ken, Thomas, a bishop of the Church of England, one of the gentlest, truest, and grandest men of his age, was born in Berkhampstead, England, in July, 1637; was educated at Winchester School and Oxford University, graduating B.A. in 1661. He held several livings in different parts of England. In 1680 he returned to Winchester. In 1685 he was appointed by Charles H. Bishop of Bath and Wells. In connection with six other bishops, he refused to publish the |Declaration of Indulgence| issued by James II. in 1688, and was imprisoned in the Tower of London. After the revolution he became a nonjuror for conscience’ sake, was superseded in office, and spent the rest of his life in retirement. He died March 19, 1711, at the residence of his friend, Lord Weymouth. In 1695 he published A Manual of Prayers for the Use of the Scholars of Winchester College and All Other Devout Christians, to Which Is Added Three Hymns for Morning, Evening, and Midnight.
Awake, my soul, and with the sun 44
Glory to thee, my God, this night 49
Praise God, from whom all blessings 718
Kethe, William, was a Scotch divine of the sixteenth century. The exact dates of his birth and death are unknown. He is the author of the English versions of twenty-seven Psalms found in the Anglo-Genevan Psalter, 1561. The hundredth Psalm was one of these. He lived in the days that tried men’s souls, being one of that heroic number of Protestants that were driven in exile to Frankfurt and Geneva about the middle of the sixteenth century. There is no more unique, quaint, and interesting hymn in our Hymnal than the version of the one hundredth Psalm which we owe to William Kethe.
All people that on earth do dwell 16
Kimball, Harriet McEwen, was born at Portsmouth, N. H., in November, 1834. She is a member of the Roman Catholic Church and the author of both sacred and secular verse. Among her publications are: Hymns, 1866; Swallow Flights of Song, 1874; Poems (complete edition), 1889. Miss Kimball is the chief founder of the Cottage Hospital at Portsmouth, where she still resides.
Pour thy blessing, Lord, like showers 693
Kipling, Rudyard, the well-known English poet, was born at Bombay, India, December 30, 1865. His father, John Lockwood Kipling (a retired officer of the British Indian Educational Service, now living at Salisbury, England), is a son of the late Rev. Joseph Kipling and Alice Macdonald Kipling (a daughter of Rev. G. B. Macdonald, a Wesleyan minister). It thus appears that the grandfather of the poet, both on his father’s and his mother’s side, was a clergyman. There is no more familiar and honored name in contemporaneous English literature than that of Rudyard Kipling. His writings are so numerous, so well known, and so widely read as not to need mention here. He is a Christian patriot in the highest sense, his poems making for international peace and universal brotherhood among men. Most notable among the poems that promote this larger patriotism and international Christian altruism among men may be mentioned |The White Man’s Burden| and |The Recessional,| which is rapidly finding its place in all the great hymnals of the modern Church. What Kipling has done as a poet is so marked by poetic genius and moral strength as to make the English people hope for and expect yet greater contributions in the future perhaps than anything he has yet written. He resides at Burwash, Sussex, England.
God of our fathers, known of old 710
Lanier, Sidney, an American poet, was born at Macon, Ga., February 3, 1842. He was educated at Oglethorpe College, Ga., where he was graduated in 1860. He was a private in the Confederate army during the Civil War (1861-65); was captured in 1863, spending several months in a Federal prison, and his first published volume, titled Tiger Lilies, 1867, was founded on his experiences in prison. After the close of the war he was a clerk, a teacher, and a lawyer; but being by nature a musician and a poet, he found any calling but that of literature and music irksome to him. He was noted as a flute-player, and many of his best poems are enriched by his rare knowledge of music. In 1877 he was appointed lecturer on English Literature in Johns Hopkins University, and two of his most scholarly volumes contain lectures delivered there — viz., The Science of English Verse, 1880, and The English Novel, 1883. His Poems were first published in 1876, and a complete edition after his death. After a hard struggle against the inroads of consumption, he died September 7, 1881, in Western North Carolina, where he had gone in search of health. Many of his finest poems were written when he was almost too weak to guide his pen. He is regarded as the greatest of Southern poets. The latest and best life of Lanier is that of Prof. Edwin Mims, and the best study of his poems for the distinctly Christian teaching they contain is found in a volume by President H. N. Snyder. Both Dr. Mims and Dr. Snyder were members of the Commission that prepared this Hymnal. Lanier was a lover of nature scarcely less than Wordsworth, and much of what he taught in song he learned in suffering. His love of nature and his deep devotion to Christ, the great sufferer, are beautifully brought out in the little gem here selected from his poems.
Into the woods my Master went 745
Break thou the bread of life 325
Day is dying in the West 57
Leeson, Jane Elizabeth, an English lady hymn writer, born in 1807, and author of the following volumes: Hymns and Scenes of Childhood, 1842; Songs of Christian Chivalry, 1848; The Child’s Book of Ballads, 1849; Paraphrases and Hymns for Congregational Singing, 1853. Miss Leeson had rare gifts in writing for children. She died in 1882. It is hoped that we may obtain additional facts concerning her life to add to this meager sketch, which embodies all that is at present known of her.
Saviour, teach me day by day 676
Lloyd, William Freeman, an English layman and Sunday school worker, was born at Uley, in Gloucestershire, England, December 22, 1791. In 1810 he became one of the secretaries of the Sunday School Union, and became connected with the Religious Tract Society in 1816. He prepared a large number of small books for the use of children, writing, editing, or compiling them. He began the Sunday School Teacher’s Magazine. His Thoughts in Rhyme, a book of one hundred and six pages, was published in London in 1851. Mr. Lloyd died April 22, 1853.
My times are in thy hand 449
Longfellow, Samuel, a Unitarian minister, brother of the poet Henry W. Longfellow, was born in Portland, Me., June 18, 1819. He was graduated at Harvard in 1839, and at the Divinity School, Cambridge, in 1846. His first Church was at Fall River, Mass. In 1853 he was installed pastor of the Second Unitarian Church in Brooklyn, N. Y., where he remained until 1860. After that he did not serve as a regular pastor. He preached occasionally and engaged in a variety of literary labor. He died at Portland, Me., October 3, 1892. In connection with the Rev. Samuel Johnson, he compiled A Book of Hymns, 1846, and Hymns of the Spirit, 1864. Three of his hymns appear in this book. They are of far more than average merit.
Again as evening’s shadow falls 48
I look to thee in every need 473
O still in accents sweet and strong 395
Luke, Jemima Thompson, the wife of Rev. Samuel Luke, an Independent minister of England, was the daughter of Thomas Thompson, a philanthropist, and was born at Colebrook Terrace, Islington, August 19, 1813. When only thirteen years of age she began writing for the Juvenile Magazine. She published a volume titled The Female Jesuit in 1851 and A Memoir of Eliza Ann Harris, of Clifton, in 1859, but her name is known to the Christian world almost wholly through the one hymn found in this volume. Mrs. Luke died February 2, 1906.
I think when I read that sweet 682
Luther, Martin, the hero of the Reformation, was born in the village of Eisleben November 10, 1483; entered the University at Erfurt in 1501, and was graduated with honor, receiving the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. In 1505 he entered an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt, was consecrated to the priesthood in 1507, and was very faithful to all the regulations of the order. He afterwards said: |If ever a monk got to heaven by monkery, I was determined to get there.| He was a diligent scholar, and in 1508 was called to the chair of Philosophy in the University of Wittenberg. In 1512 he received the degree of Doctor of Theology. In the meantime he made a pilgrimage to Rome, where he saw much corruption among the clergy; but still his faith was strong in the Roman Church. It was the shameless sale of indulgences by Tetzel, authorized by Leo X., that first opened his eyes and determined him to make public opposition. On October 31, 1517, at midday, Luther posted his ninety-five Theses against the Merits of Indulgences on the church door at Wittenberg. That day was the birthday of the Reformation. The burning of the pope’s bull of excommunication in 1520, the Diet of Worms in 1521, Luther’s concealment in the castle at Wartburg, and his marriage in 1525 are matters of interest upon which we cannot dwell. It was during his Wartburg captivity that he translated the New Testament, published in 1522, into the mother tongue of the German people. After giving them the Scriptures he felt the need of psalms and hymns in the German language, and employed others to supply them. He himself translated psalms and wrote hymns, to some of which he adapted tunes. Luther wove the gospel into these hymns. They were gladly received and widely circulated. A Romanist of the time wrote: |The whole people is singing itself into this Lutheran doctrine.| The first collection of Luther’s hymns was published in 1524. He died February 18, 1546. Few things can stir Protestants like the singing of |Luther’s hymn| (No.101).
A mighty fortress is our God 101
Flung to the heedless winds 641
Lynch, Thomas Toke, an English Congregational minister, was born at Dunmow, Essex, July 5, 1818, and was educated at Islington and at Highbury Independent College. He was pastor of a small Church at Highgate in 1847 to 1849, and from 1849 to 1852 of a congregation on Mortimer Street, London, that later moved to Fitzroy Square. He was an invalid for three years (1856-59), but resumed pastoral relations in 1860 with his former parishioners, who completed a new place of worship (Mornington Church) on Hampstead Road, London, in 1862, where he continued to preach until his death, May 9, 1871. His hymns were published in a volume titled The Rivulet, a Contribution to Sacred Song, which appeared in several editions, 1855-68. W. G. Horder gives the following discriminating estimate of Lynch’s merits and influence as a hymn writer:
The influence of Lynch’s ministry was great, and reached far beyond his own congregation, since it included many students from the theological colleges of London and thoughtful men from other Churches, who were attracted to him by the freshness and spirituality of his preaching. His prose works were numerous. . . . His hymns are marked by intense individuality, gracefulness and felicity of diction, picturesqueness, spiritual freshness, and the sadness of a powerful soul struggling with a weak and emaciated body.
The publication of his Rivulet caused one of the most bitter hymnological controversies known in the annals of modern Congregationalism. Time, however, and a criticism broader and more just have declared emphatically in favor of his hymns as valuable contributions to cultured sacred song.
It is to be regretted that only one of his twenty-five hymns is found in our Hymnal.
Gracious Spirit, dwell with me 195
Lyte, Henry Francis, a clergyman of the Church of England, was born at Ednam, near Kelso, Scotland, June 1, 1793. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated in 1814. During his college course he won the prize for the best English poem on three occasions. He took orders in the Church of England in 1815. In 1818, at Marazion, in Cornwall, he experienced a great spiritual change which influenced all his after life. This was occasioned by visits to a brother clergyman who was sick, and who died happy, trusting alone in the atonement and power of his Saviour. Lyte wrote concerning himself: |I was greatly affected by the whole matter, and brought to look at life and its issue with a different eye than before; and I began to study my Bible and preach in another manner than I had previously done.| In 1823 he was appointed curate at Lower Brixham, which living he held until his death, November 20, 1847. His hymns are spiritual and tender. They are found mostly in two books: Poems, Chiefly Religious, 1833 (second edition, 1845), and The Spirit of the Psalms, 1834 (enlarged edition, 1836). He died of consumption under pathetic circumstances while on a visit to Nice, a winter health resort in Southern France, where he lies buried. His swan song, |Abide with me,| is used by all Christendom.
Abide with me! Fast falls the 50
As pants the hart for cooling 316
Jesus, I my cross have taken 458
Macduff, John Ross, a Presbyterian minister, was born at Bonhard, near Perth, Scotland, May 23, 1818, and educated at the high school of Edinburgh and in the university of the same city. He became a minister of the Church of Scotland in 1842. Among his pastorates was one of fifteen years in the city of Glasgow. In 1871 Dr. Macduff gave up the pastoral relation. He is the author of a number of volumes in prose and poetry, some of which have great practical and devotional value and have a wide circulation. Most of his hymns appeared in his Altar Stones, 1853, and in The Gates of Praise, 1876. He died April 30, 1895. The Universities of Glasgow and of New York each conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity.
Christ is coming! let creation 602
Jesus wept! those tears are over 132
Mackay, Margaret, the daughter of Capt. Robert Mackay, was born at Inverness, Scotland, in 1802. In 1820 she was married to Col. William Mackay, a distinguished officer in the English army. She died January 5, 1887. Her Thoughts Redeemed; or, Lays of Leisure Hours, 1854, contained seventy-two of her hymns and poems. Among her prose works, The Family at Heatherdale was most widely read. Of all modern funeral hymns, none is oftener sung than her soothing and tender lyric,
Asleep in Jesus! blessed sleep 583
Macleod, Norman, a distinguished Scotch divine, was the son of Dr. Norman Macleod, and was born at Campbeltown, Argyllshire, Scotland, June 3, 1812. He was educated at the Universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Germany. In 1838 he became the parish minister of Londoun, Ayrshire; in 1843, of Dalkeith; and in 1851, of the Barony, Glasgow. In 1841 he was appointed as one of the queen’s chaplains, and in 1860 he became the editor of Good Words, which he continued to edit until his death, at Glasgow on June 16, 1872. He is the author of numerous published volumes, several of which have attained great popularity. He was one of the most widely known and influential ministers of the Established Church of Scotland. He has but one hymn that has come into common use:
Courage, brother! do not stumble 513
Madan, Martin, was born in 1726, and designed to become a member of the English bar; but through the influence of a sermon by John Wesley on the text, |Prepare to meet thy God,| he was converted, and at length became a clergyman in the Church of England. He died in 1790. Ile was the editor of a small but famous hymn book: A Collection of Psalms and Hymns Extracted from Various Authors, London, 1760. Several editions of this book were published, and its influence was important in English hymnody. Madan was a popular preacher and a composer of several psalm tunes used in his day. His name appears in this book only in connection with one of the hymns of Isaac Watts.
He dies! the Friend of sinners dies 165
Malan, Henri Abraham Caesar, was born in Geneva in 1787. He was a precocious child and a man of genius. In 1810 he was consecrated to the ministry, and was appointed to preach in the cathedral at Geneva that Calvin had formerly occupied. This influential Presbytery had become rationalistic and Socinian. Malan was led to see its errors, became orthodox in faith and experience, and in 1818 was in consequence dismissed from the Established Church. He continued to preach, write, and labor with great zeal and success until his death, in 1864. Dr. Malan was a composer of music as well as a hymn writer. Three of his tunes are found in the Hymnal.
It is not death to die 585
March, Daniel, an American Congregational minister, was born at Millbury, Mass., in 1816. He graduated at Yale in 1843, was ordained in the Presbyterian ministry in 1845, and joined the Congregational Church later. He was a pastor in Philadelphia in 1868 at the time he wrote the hymn found in this volume. He is the author of a widely circulated volume titled Night Scenes in the Bible, 1869, and of other popular prose works. He died at Woburn, Mass., March 2, 1909.
Hark, the voice of Jesus calling 402
Marcy, Elizabeth Eunice, was born at Eastham, Conn., December 22, 1821. She was the wife of Oliver Marcy, LL.D., Professor of Natural History in the Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., where he died in 1899, and where Mrs. Marcy also died January 26, 1911.
Out of the depths to thee I cry 427
Marriott, John, a clergyman of the Church of England, was the son of a clergyman, and was born in 1780; was educated at Rugby and Oxford; took holy orders in 1803; served various parishes; and died at his home, near Exeter, March 31, 1825. He was a friend of Sir Walter Scott, who dedicated the second canto of his Marmion to him. His Sermons were published in 1838. Two other hymns by him have been published, but the only one that is in common use is that here given, which is a Christian lyric of great value.
Thou, whose almighty word 629
Marsden, Joshua, a Wesleyan minister, was born in 1777, and died in 1837. His early educational advantages were very limited, and he did not, it seems, make the most of such as he had. He was a wild, thoughtless, and wicked boy. At the age of eighteen he enlisted in the British navy and grew more reckless than ever. But at length, he says, |the grace of God that bringeth salvation turned my feet into the way of peace.| He became a missionary to Nova Scotia, and afterwards to the Bermuda Islands. He was the author of several books. His poems were entitled The Amusements of a Mission, 1812.
Go, ye messengers of God 640
Mason, John, an earnest and pious clergyman of the English Church, was the son of a Dissenting minister; lived in the seventeenth century; was graduated at Cambridge in 1664; and died at the rectory of Water-Stratford, Buckinghamshire, in 1694. His Spiritual Songs were published in 1683. He was the best English hymn writer preceding Watts, and many think they can detect his influence upon Watts and Wesley. Richard Baxter styled him |the glory of the Church of England,| and said that |the frame of his spirit was so heavenly, his deportment so humble and obliging, his discourse of spiritual things so weighty, with such apt words and delightful air, that it charmed all that had any spiritual relish.| This character well befits the author of a hymn so deeply devotional and truly spiritual as the one here given.
Now from the altar of our hearts 46
Massie, Richard, an Englishman, was born at Chester June 18, 1800, the son of Rev. R. Massie. He translated Martin Luther’s Spiritual Songs, 1854. His Lyra Domestica, London, 1860, was translated from Spitta’s Psaltery and Harp. In 1864 he published a second volume containing more of Spitta’s hymns and other translations from the German. He died March 11, 1887. He belonged to the Church of England.
I know no life divided 467
Matheson, George, an able and greatly honored minister of the Church of Scotland, was born March 27, 1842. He entered Glasgow University in 1857, when he was but fifteen years of age. He spent nine years at the university — five years in the arts and four years in the study of divinity. He was licensed to preach in 1866. Dr. Matheson, as is well known, was entirely blind during the greater portion of his life. He was probably born with defective sight — at least his mother discovered this fact when he was eighteen months old. In his early boyhood, by using strong glasses and a strong light, he managed to read; but his sight continued to fail, and when he entered the university, at the age of fifteen and one-half years, he was almost blind and had to depend upon the sight of others. He died August 28, 1906. He was never married. His life was full of literary activity. His contributions to the literature of theology are among the ablest and most widely read volumes that have appeared from the English press since 1874, when he published his first volume. Considering the limitations under which he had to do his work, his industry and productiveness were marvelous; and the strength and quality of his work were as notable as the number and frequency of his publications. Among his twenty-five published volumes one was titled Sacred Songs, 1890 (third edition, 1904). About a dozen of Dr. Matheson’s songs have found a place in Church hymnals, but only one has gained universal popularity. This song of resignation, love, and trust is one that only a great sufferer could write.
O Love that wilt not let me go 481
McDonald, William, a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, was born at Belmont, Me., in 1820. He joined the Miami Conference in 1843; served various pastoral charges in the North and West. Dr. McDonald was a prominent member of the National Holiness Association. For several years he was the editor of the Christian Witness, published in Boston. From 1870 till his death he did much evangelistic work. He was an able and worthy man, interested in Church music, and the publisher of several small volumes of hymns for social worship. He died in 1901.
I am coming to the cross 351
Medley, Samuel, a Baptist minister, was born in Hertfordshire, England, June 23, 1738; was surrounded by pious influences in early life, but became a careless and wicked youth; joined the navy, and was severely wounded. Some one about this time chanced to read to him a sermon by Dr. Isaac Watts, which led to his conversion. After his recovery he entered the ministry. For the last twenty-seven years of his life he was the popular and influential pastor of a large Baptist Church in Liverpool. He died July 17, 1799. His hymns, two hundred and thirty in number, were collected and published the following year under the title of Medley’s Hymns. |The charm of Medley’s hymns consists less in their poetry than in the warmth and occasional pathos with which they give expression to Christian experience.|
Awake, my soul, to joyful lays 539
I know that my Redeemer lives 168
O could I speak the matchless worth 540
O what amazing words of grace 292
Messenger, John Alexander, is the name that appears in D’Aubigne’s History of the Reformation as the translator of a stanza of one of Luther’s hymns. The translation was made about 1840. We have no information concerning this writer, but it is hoped that some facts may be learned that may be inserted in a later edition of this volume.
Flung to the heedless winds 641
Midlane, Albert, an active and earnest English layman, was born in Newport, Isle of Wight, January 23, 1825, and was engaged in business in that town for many years. He has written over eight hundred hymns since 1842, when he published his first hymn. His hymns have been found most useful in Sunday school, revival, and mission services. He attributes his interest in and contributions to hymnology to the suggestion and encouragement of a favorite Sunday school teacher, who did much to shape his religious life. He is known as |the poet-preacher of the Strict Brethren.| He has published, in addition to several small volumes of prose, some half dozen volumes of poetry and sacred songs. Speaking of his habits of composition, he says:
Most of my hymns have been written during walks around the ancient and historic ruins of Carisbrooke Castle. The twilight hour, so dear to thought, and the hushed serenity then pervading nature have often allured my soul to deep and uninterrupted meditation, which, in its turn, has given birth to lines which, had not these walks been taken, would never probably have been penned.
Dr. Julian quotes from and approves Miller’s estimate of Mr. Midlane’s hymns:
They are full of spiritual thought, careful in their wording, and often very pleasing without reaching the highest form of poetical excellence. A marked feature of these hymns is the constant and happy use of Scripture phraseology.
A few years ago a popular subscription was taken up among the parents, teachers, and children of England to relieve Mr. Midlane’s necessities. The most popular of all his hymns is the one found in this collection:
There’s a Friend for little children 680
Miller, Emily Huntington, was born in Brooklyn, Conn., October 22, 1833, the daughter of Rev. Thomas Huntington, D.D., a Methodist minister; was educated at Oberlin College, A.B.1857. In 1860 she was married to Mr. John E. Miller, who died in 1882. She has written much for various periodicals, both in prose and verse. From 1867 to 1875 she edited the children’s magazine called the Little Corporal, which was later merged with St. Nicholas. From 1891 to 1898 she was dean of women in Northwestern University, from which institution she received in 1909 the honorary degree of Doctor of Literature (L.H.D.). She is the author of some fifteen or twenty volumes of prose and poetry, her books being written mostly for young people. Mrs. Miller is a Methodist. Her present address is St. Paul, Minn.
Kingdom of light! whose morning 651
Tell the blessed tidings 652
Mills, Henry, a Presbyterian preacher and professor of theology, was born at Morristown, N. J., March 12, 1786. He was educated at Princeton, graduating in 1802. After teaching a number of years, he was ordained pastor of a Presbyterian Church at Woodbridge, N. J., in 1816. When the Auburn Theological Seminary was opened in 1821, he was chosen Professor of Biblical Criticism and Oriental Languages, a position that he held until 1854. A volume of his translations of German hymns was published in 1845 under the title Horae Germanicae. He died June 10, 1867.
Near the cross was Mary weeping 154
Milman, Henry Hart, an eminent dean of the Church of England and well known as a Church historian, was the son of Sir Francis Milman, a court physician of note, and was born in London February 10, 1791. He was educated at Eton and Oxford, where as a student he took well-nigh all the honors open to a student. His prize poem on |Apollo Belvidere,| written in 1812, Dean Stanley pronounced |the most perfect of all Oxford prize poems.| He entered the ministry in 1816; was Professor of Poetry at Oxford from 1821 to 1831; became Canon of Westminster in 1835, and Dean of St. Paul’s in 1849. He died September 24, 1868. His career as a man of letters, theologian, and Churchman was brilliant. His poetic and theological writings are numerous. His History of the Jews (1829), History of Christianity (1840), Latin Christianity (1854), and other volumes are among the ablest and most valuable of nineteenth century contributions to English theological literature. Milman’s thirteen hymns were first published in Bishop Heber’s posthumous volume of Hymns, 1827, and later republished in his own Psalms and Hymns, 1837. They are all in use among modern Church hymnals.
Ride on, ride on in majesty 150
Milton, John, one of the greatest of English poets, is known to hymnologists as the author of nineteen versions of various Psalms, which appeared in his Poems in English and Latin, second edition, 1673. Two or three of them have been extensively used. Milton was born in London December 9, 1608; and died in the same city November 8, 1674. He was educated at Cambridge. After graduating he traveled extensively for those days. He was a Puritan in religion and a Republican in politics; was in public service under Cromwell, and narrowly escaped death or banishment at the Restoration. In 1652 he became totally blind; but his poetic vision seemed to be only quickened thereby, and he wrote in Paradise Lost |things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme.|
The Lord will come and not be slow 642
Mohr, Joseph, a Roman Catholic priest, was born at Salzburg, Austria, December 11, 1792. He was ordained in 1815, and served as assistant and vicar in several churches until his death in Wagerin December 4, 1848.
Silent night! Holy night 123
Monod, Theodore, pastor of the French Reformed Church in Paris, son of Rev. F. Monod, was born in Paris November 6, 1836. He was educated for the ministry partly in America, being a student for some years at Western Theological Seminary, Allegheny, Pa. In 1860 he entered upon his work in Paris, where his influence as an evangelical preacher has extended beyond the French Reformed Church, in which he has been a leading pastor during the past half century. Only a man with an evangelical religious experience could write a hymn like this:
O the bitter shame and sorrow 380